The Lyttelton
Hart-Davis Letters

Volume I
Volume II
Volume III
Volume IV
Volume V
Volume VI
Volume VII
The Lyttelton Hart-Davis Letters
notes for
Volume 1

Letter 1, RHD to GL, 23 October 1955


I.1.10] Bibliography of W.B. Yeats:  Allan Wade’s A Bibliography of the Writings of W.B. Yeats was originally published by Hart-Davis in 1951.  The second edition, to which Rupert refers here, came out in 1958.

I.1.11] Ego:  The nine volume autobiography by James Agate, drama critic for the Times from 1923-1947.  At II.173.3 Rupert calls Volume 8 of Ego “your one.”

I.1.20] Horace Walpole:  English writer, antiquarian, and publisher.  A short biography can be found here.

I.2.15] Alan Ross’s Australia 55: Australia 55: a Journal of the M.C.C. Tour, was published in 1955 by Michael Joseph, London.  Ross traveled to Australia to report on the 1954-5 cricket Test series for The Observer.

I.2.17] MCC: Marylebone Cricket Club.

I.2.19] Observer: an English newspaper.

I.2.19] John Sparrow: Warden of All Souls College, Oxford, from 1953-1976.

I.2.20] Bridges: Robert Bridges, poet, 1844-1930.

Letter 2, GL to RHD, 27 October 1955


I.3.4] K. Miller: Keith Miller, Australian cricketer.

I.3.5] My nephew Charles: As noted, “then the Hon C.J. Lyttelton, captain of Worcestershire, later the tenth Viscount Cobham and Governor General of New Zealand.”  Charles was the son of George’s brother John Cavendish Lyttelton and his wife Violet (nee Leonard).

I.3.8] Tim’s: As described in the introduction, GL and RHD became reacquainted at a dinner hosted by Tim and Rosalie Nugent.

I.3.11] N. Cardus: Neville Cardus, journalist and author.

I.3.19] Lytton Strachey essay on letters:

I.3.24] Maurice Headlam: As noted, “Prominent civil servant.  Brother of Cuthbert and Tuppy.” 

I.3.27] Charles Reade: (1814-1884) English author.  Biographical information can be found here.

I.3.29] Kossuth, Garibaldi, Michael Collins:  Respectively, and speculatively: Lajos Kossuth, leader of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848; Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian soldier, hero of the revolution of 1848-9; Michael Collins, leader and Commander-in-Chief of the Irish Free State, 1922.

I.4.1] Irish Memories:  Actually Irish Reminiscences, published by Robert Hale Ltd., London, 1947.

I.4.4] Mr. Lillyvick . . . ‘absorbing, fairy-like, toomultuous’:  As noted, from Dickens’s Nicholas Nickleby, Chapter XXV.

I.4.6] your really excellent life of H. Walpole: RHD’s Hugh Walpole, A Biography was published by Macmillan, London, in 1952, and is referred to repeatedly in the Letters.

I.4.13] ‘that state of resentful coma which scholars attempt to dignify by calling research’:  Actually ‘Deep thought, that state of restful coma which scholars attempt to dignify by calling research’; GL obviously believes this statement is not original to Laski, to whom it is normally attributed.

I.4.15] Laski . . . letter to Judge Holmes:  Harold Laski, professor and socialist, chairman of the Labour party.  The Holmes-Laski letters were published in two volumes by Geoffrey Cumberlege, London, in 1953.

I.4.17] Dr. A.L. Goodhart:  Arthur L. Goodhart, American jurist.

I.4.20] ‘You are glad he lived, but very grateful that you didn’t know him’:

I.4.22] V. Woolf: Virginia Woolf, English author.

I.4.22] ‘Every phrase and gesture . . . like watching someone organizing her own immortality’:

I.4.31] Don Juan: Byron’s Don Juan.

I.4.33] Extra Studies: Additional studies outside a set or core curriculum.

I.4.33] J.B.S. Haldane: British geneticist, biologist, and popularizer of science.  See this short biography.

I.5.2] C. Hollis . . . C. Connolly, J. Lehmann, Alan Clutton-Brock, Peter Fleming, Noel Blakiston, Alan Pryce-Jones:  Christopher Hollis, Conservative MP and author; Cyril Connolly, English critic and editor; John Lehmann, English publisher; Alan Clutton-Brock, author of Blake and other art-related books; Peter Fleming, journalist, author, brother of Ian Fleming; Noel Blakiston, historian; Alan Pryce-Jones, author, editor of the Times Literary Supplement.

I.5.11] My cousin Oliver:  As noted, Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos, son of Alfred Lyttelton (brother of George’s father) and Edith Sophy Balfour.

I.5.11] Winston:  Winston Churchill, frequently called simply “Winston” in the Letters.

I.5.12] Butler’s Budget: The “Mini-Budget” announced by Chancellor of the Exchequer RA Butler in April, 1955.  See this site for British budget history.

I.5.16] the Ancient of Days:  God, as described relative to Daniel’s vision of him.  See this short discussion.

I.5.17] more suo: In his usual manner.

I.5.20] da capo senza fine: to the top, without end.

I.5.22] Andrea del Sarto . . . ‘All the play, the insight . . . Out of me!’: from Robert Browning, “The Faultless Painter”.

I.5.25] Hubert Parry: English composer and teacher.  See this site for more on Parry.

I.5.31] Jeremiah’s blunt assertion ‘The heart is . . . wicked.’: Jeremiah 17:9.

I.5.36] ‘S.O.S. L.S.D. R.S.V.P.’: The central L.S.D. refers to money (£sd = pounds, shillings, pence in pre-decimal times), so the message translates as "Help Money Answer".

Letter 3, RHD to GL, 30 October 1955


I.6.15] Imprimis: first, or foremost.

I.6.23] Humphry House (Fellow of Wadham, English don): scholar, author of books on Coleridge, Dickens, Aristotle, Hopkins, and numerous essays and broadcast talks.

I.6.29] Edition of Dickens’s Letters: This eventually appeared as The Letters of Charles Dickens, published by Clarendon press in 1965, Madeline House and Graham Storey, editors.

I.6.31] the Pilgrim Trust: A British philanthropic organization.  See their homepage.

I.7.5] G.M. Young: Oxford historian.

I.7.11] Graham Hough: Cambridge don, author of books on Samuel Taylor, Edmund Spenser, W.B. Yeats, and D.H. Lawrence.

I.7.15] The Note-books of Gerard Manley Hopkins: House edited the first edition of this book, which was published by the Oxford University Press in 1937.  I can find no record of a second edition.

I.7.27] Celia Fleming: a.k.a. Celia Johnson, actress.  Wife of Peter Fleming (See 5.2).

I.7.33] Christopher Devlin: Author/editor of books on Robert Southwell, Hopkins, and Hamlet.

I.7.37] Graham Storey: Cambridge don.  See 6.29.

I.8.6] A half-finished biography of Hopkins’s life: I see no evidence that this book was ever published.

I.8.9] A volume of Humphry’s essays and broadcast talks, All in Due Time: Published by Hart-Davis in 1955.

I.8.15] A series of lectures on Aristotle’s Poetics: Published by Hart-Davis in 1958.

I.8.22] a very dear friend . . . gassed himself:

I.8.29] Allan Wade:  See 1.10.

I.8.34] Granville Barker: English actor, playright, producer, and scholar.  See this short biography.

I.8.35] Max: Max Beerbohm, English drama critic, essayist and satirist.

I.9.1] The Scenic Art: Published by Hart-Davis in 1949.

I.9.2] Yeats’s Letters: Published by Hart-Davis in 1954.

I.9.3] Oscar Wilde’s Letters: Published (finally!) by Hart-Davis in 1962.

I.9.25] Edmund Blunden: “poet, scholar, editor, and man of letters” (Paul Fussell).  See this site.

I.9.33] Anatole France’s old scholar . . . ‘la cité des livres’: possibly France’s description of his cat as “a somnolent prince of the city of the books” (“Un prince somnolent de la Cité des Livres”).

I.10.29] Time & Tide: British newspaper.

Letter 4, GL to RHD, 3 November 1955


I.11.9] Archdeacon Chute of Piddlehinton . . .‘Orphans have lost their props, widows their stays’:

I.11.14] Hodder . . . Stoughton:  Hodder & Stoughton, English publisher.

I.11.17] C.H. Wilkinson:  Oxford don, editor of the poems of Richard Lovelace.

I.11.20] T.J. Wise: Wise, a well-known bookseller, was discovered to have forged a large number of nineteenth century pamphlets.  See Collins, The Two Forgers,  Partington, Forging Ahead, and this site.

I.11.26] Cyril Alington: Dean of Durham, 1933-1951.

I.11.31] quatrain of Dorothy Parker’s: correct version:

Whose love is given over-well
Shall look on Helen’s face in hell,
Whilst they whose love is thin and wise
May view John Knox in paradise.

I.12.4] Old Boy Dinner: A school reunion dinner.

I.12.5] horrible! horrible!! horrible!!! as Henry James said:

Letter 5, RHD to GL, 6 November 1955


I.12.14] Jelly: as noted, E.L. Churchill, RHD’s housemaster at Eton.

I.12.18] My son Duff . . . Chelsea Barracks: “The biggest army barracks in central London,” according to this website.

I.12.19] the Garrick: “The Garrick is undoubtedly one of the most brilliant clubs in London.  It is also the only one which has had a street named after it.  Founded originally in 1831 . . .” Charles Graves, Leather Armchairs, Coward-McCann, 1963.

I.12.20] E.R.T. Holmes: Errol Reginald Thorold Holmes, cricketer.

I.12.24] Compton: Denis Compton, cricketer.

I.12.29] Ronald Storrs: Sir Ronald Storrs, British Oriental Secretary, later military governor of Jerusalem, 1917.  Civil governor of Jerusalem 1920.  Governor of Cyprus, 1926-1932.  Governor of Northern Rhodesia, 1932-1934.  Friend of T.E. Lawrence.

I.13.4] my uncle Duff Cooper: Conservative MP (1924-29), Financial Secretary to the War Office (1931) and to the Treasury (1934-5), Secretary of State for War(1935-7), First Lord of the Admiralty (1937), Minister of Information (1940), and Rupert’s mother’s brother.  See this short biography.

I.13.5] the Horatian Society: A society whose aim is to promote the study of the works and life of Q. Horatius Flaccus, commonly known as Horace, to meet not less than once a year for a Dinner at which Addresses are given by one member and one non-member, and to publish the Addresses. The Dinners are currently held in the Old Hall of Lincoln's Inn.

I.13.7] Charles Tennyson: Grandson of Alfred, Lord Tennyson.

I.13.7] The Wisdom of Solomon: from the Apocrypha.  See this website.

I.13.8] K.C.M.G.: “Knight commander of St. Michael and St. George, member of the second highest rank of a British order of knighthood,” according to this website.

I.13.13] Meredith: George Meredith, English poet.

I.13.14] My next book: Although not his next book, the first volume of Hart-Davis’s memoir The Power of Chance.  A Table of Memories Recalling His Mother’s Life and His Own First Nineteen Years appeared in 1991.  CHECK THIS; Hudson claims it’s The Arms of Time.

I.13.29] the Archbishop of C.: Geoffrey Francis Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1945-1961.

I.13.30] Victor Gollancz: Founder of the eponymous English publisher.  See this short biography.

I.13.30] Repton: An English public school.  See their homepage.

Letter 6, GL to RHD, 9 November 1955


I.14.4] Bishop Gore: Charles Gore, 1853-1932, Lord Bishop of Birmingham.

I.14.8] Monty James: Montague Rhodes James (1862-1936), “the best - that is to say, the scariest - writer of supernatural fiction that England has ever produced.”

I.14.11] Bishop Brook of Ipswich:

I.14.14] Lord Palmerston: Leader of the liberal party in mid-Victorian England.  See this short biography.

I.14.21] ‘Sir, you may wonder.’

I.14.26] ‘You lack the season of all natures, sleep’: Macbeth, Act III, Scene 4.

I.14.27] the Bradleys and the Dover Wilsons: A.C. Bradley and J. Dover Wilson, noted Shakespeare commentators.

I.15.7] Archer Cust: As noted, cousin of GL.

I.15.8] Alec Cadogan: Sir Alec Cadogan, permanent under-secretary at the Foreign Office.

I.15.10] Diana: as noted, Diana Hood, George’s eldest daughter, the Hon. Mrs Alexander Hood.

I.15.10] F.O.: the Foreign Office.

I.15.13] Frank Swinnerton: English author.

I.15.15] Johnson: Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), poet, author, critic, dictionary compiler.

I.15.15] ‘that sudden fits of inadvertency . . . will darken learning’.: from the Preface to the English Dictionary; the full quotation regarding the dictionary is:

 When I am animated by this wish, I look with pleasure on my book, however defective, and deliver it to the world with the spirit of a man that has endeavored well. That it will immediately become popular I have not promised to myself: a few wild blunders, and risible absurdities, from which no work of such multiplicity was ever free, may for a time furnish folly with laughter, and harden ignorance into contempt; but useful diligence will at last prevail, and there never can be wanting some who distinguish desert; who will consider that no dictionary of a living tongue ever can be perfect, since, while it is hastening to publication, some words are budding, and some falling away; that a whole life cannot be spent upon syntax and etymology, and that even a whole life would not be sufficient; that he, whose design includes whatever language can express, must often speak of what he does not understand; that a writer will sometimes be hurried by eagerness to the end, and sometimes faint with weariness under a task which Scaliger compares to the labors of the anvil and the mine; that what is obvious is not always known, and what is known is not always present; that sudden fits of inadvertency will surprise vigilance, slight avocations will seduce attention, and casual eclipses of the mind will darken learning; and that the writer shall often in vain, trace his memory at the moment of need, for that which yesterday he knew with intuitive readiness, and which will come uncalled into his thoughts to-morrow.

I.15.23] the pen, like Kempenfelt’s: Richard Kempenfelt (1718-1782) was an admiral in the British Royal Navy, and author of hyms.  The “pen” reference is from William Cowper, “Loss of the Royal George”, lines 21-24:

His sword was in its sheath,
His fingers held the pen,
When Kempenfelt went down
With twice four hundred men.

I.15.25] ‘wicked Lord Lyttelton’: Thomas, second Baron Lyttelton (1744-1799), as opposed to his father (1709-1773), the first Baron, ‘the good Lord.’

I.15.32] my uncle Albert: as noted, the Hon. Albert Victor Lyttelton, priest (1844-1928).

I.16.7] Old Men Forget: memoir of Duff Cooper, published by Hart-Davis in 1953.

I.16.8] Talleyrand: biography of French statesman Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigod, published by Jonathan Cape in 1932.

I.16.9] ‘The Jordan blood’ . . . ‘the Glynne blood’: George’s “Jordan blood” reference seems to come from nowhere, and marks the first example of visible evidence of editing of the letters on Rupert’s part.  Presumably this reference relates somehow to Rupert’s mother.  Mary Glynne married George William Lyttelton (4th Baron) on 25 July 1839.  She is George’s grandmother.

I.16.12] Gladstone: W.E. Gladstone, Prime Minister of Great Britain and Ireland.  George William Lyttelton, 4th baron, became Gladstone’s brother-in-law by marrying Mary Glynne, according to this website.

I.16.14] ‘Aunty Pussie’: Mary Glynne.  As noted, She and George’s paternal grandmother were sisters.

I.16.16] Charles Peace: “A Notorious Burglar,” as he is described in the title of a book about him.  See this website for more info.

I.16.27] the Mirror and Sketch: English newspapers.

I.16.29] Lang: Dr. Gordon Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1864-1945. 

I.16.29] B. Bracken:  Brendan Bracken (1901-1958), Conservative MP (1929), Minister of Information (1941), First Lord of the Admiralty (1945).

I.16.30] Fisher: Probably Geoffrey Fisher (1887-1972), Archbishop of Canterbury.

I.16.31] the New Statesman: English newspaper.

I.16.32] disestablishment: i.e. disestablishment of the Church of England.

Letter 7, RHD to GL, 13 November 1955


I.17.4] Lady Colefax: Sibyl, Lady Colefax (1874-1950), society hostess, wife of Sir Arthur Colefax, and co-founder of the firm of Colefax & Fowler.

I.17.11] Mrs. L. Hunter:

I.17.20] E.C. Bentley’s splendid Ballade of Souls:  See I.25.

I.17.32] Leslie Hotson: Shakespearean scholar, author of Shakespeare’s Wooden O, Shakespeare versus Shallow, The First Night of Twelfth Night, Shakespeare by Hillard, etc.

I.18.6] the Record Office: The Public Record Office is the national archive of England, Wales, and the United Kingdom.

I.18.13] Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen: British Ambassador to Turkey.  Author of Diplomacy in Peace and War, John Murray, 1949.

I.18.17] Operation Cicero: a spy thriller by L.C. Moyzich, published by Readers Union, 1950.

I.18.20] Kingsford: R.J.L. Kingsford, head of Cambridge University Press (as mentioned), also Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge.

I.18.24] the new life of Kipling: Charles Carrington’s Rudyard Kipling: His Life and Work, MacMillan & Co., 1955.

I.19.3] Brains Trust: British radio show, which began its run 1 January 1941, wherein intellectuals disussed topics of the day.  The show moved to television in the 1950s.  A very short clip is available here.

Letter 8, GL to RHD, 15/16 November 1955


I.19.23] Longinus: Dionysus Longinus was credited with authorship of On The Sublime, a very early work of literary criticism.  Subsequent scholarship has called his authorship into question.

I.19.24] They say that Homer sometimes nods . . . Zeus might dream: I cannot find this quote in Longinus, nor can I find the quote George gives here by any author.  Horace in Ars Poetica states “I, too, am indignant when the worthy Homer nods, but in a long work it is allowable to snatch a sleep.”

I.20.14] Old Ram: As noted, A.B. Ramsay, Lower Master of Eton and later Master of Magdalene.

I.20.14] Hazlitt: William Hazlitt (1778-1830), English essayist.

I.20.20] Alfred Austin’s conversations with Tennyson: Alfred Austin (1835-1913) succeeded Tennyson as poet laureate in 1896.

I.20.28] that fascinating book on Twelfth Night: The First Night of Twelfth Night.  See I.17.32.

I.20.30] I read him on Thackeray: Probably from All In Due Time, published by Hart-Davis in 1955.  At I.8.12 Rupert says that he will be sending George a copy.

I.21.7] that repose that stamps the caste of Vere de Vere: from Tennyson’s poem Lady Carea Vere de Vere, Stanza 5: “Her manners had not that repose which stamps the caste of Vere de Vere.”

I.21.13] ‘Proofs of Holy Writ’: The difficulty of finding this work has vanished in the day of the Internet; see it here.

I.21.16] go heavily as one that mourneth: Psalm 35, verse 14, “I went heavily , as one that mourneth for his mother.”  Occasionally translated as “I bowed down heavily.”

I.21.22] the Astleys:

I.21.22] Charles Morgan: English essayist, author of Reflections in a Mirror, Macmillan, 1944, and a second series of the same, Macmillian 1946.  These essays were originally published as “Menander’s Mirror” in the Times Literary Supplement.

I.22.3] Uncle Albert: Albert Victor Lyttelton, Rev, brother of George’s father Charles George Lyttelton.

I.22.14] ‘Awful Memnonian countenances calm’:  Thackeray quotes this as ‘mighty Memnonian countenances calm’; see this website.

Letter 9, RHD to GL, 20 November 1955


I.22.16] O liberal and princely giver: from Elizabeth Browning’s Sonnet from the Portuguese, number 8.

I.22.22] your Johnson Club paper: “The True Son of Virtue.”

I.22.32] Maurice Baring: (1874-1945) Novelist.  The novel C was published in 1924.  See this short biography.

I.23.6] the Graham Sutherland portrait: See this website.

I.23.14] the two other Hotson books I published: Shakespeare’s Sonnets Dated and other Essays, 1949, and Shakepeare’s Motley, 1952.

I.23.19] his son Nick the cartoonist: Nicholas Bentley (1907-1978), British cartoonist.  An example of his work can be seen here.

I.23.22] an 850-page selection of his [Carlyle’s] work: Carlyle: Selected Works, Reminiscences, and Letters, edited by Julian Symons, published by Hart-Davis in 1955.

I.23.24] Julian Symons: (1912-1994) Mystery writer.  How this qualifies him to select from Carlyle’s works is unclear.

I.24.13] ‘preached to death by wild curates’: Chesterton - “To say that a bishop deserved to be preached to death by wild curates is not merely satire; it is a satisfaction of the fancy.”

I.24.20] Peggy Ashcroft: Dame Peggy Ashcroft (1907-91), star of stage and screen.  She and Rupert were married in 1929.  Ashcroft won an Oscar for her role in the film A Passage To India.

Letter 10, GL to RHD, 23 November 1955


I.26.8] A.M. Goodhart: As noted, Eton master.

I.26.12] ‘Sir, this is taking prodigious pains about a man’:

I.26.16] Basta!: Enough; stop.

I.26.23] Percy Lubbock: (1879-1965) Critic and biographer.  His Earlham is frequently mentioned in the Letters.  Lubbock edited selections from Benson’s diary.

I.26.23] A.C. Benson: Arthur Christopher Benson, schoolmaster at Eton.

I.26.24] ‘bear the weight of print’:

I.26.33] Day Lewis: Cecil Day Lewis (1904-1972), Poet, author of detective stories under the pseudonym Nicholas Blake.  Poet Laureate of Great Britain,1967-1972.

I.27.2] John Wain: (1925-1994), poet, critic and novelist.  See this profile.

I.27.3] a small collection of difficult poems: as noted, Interpretations, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1955, contains essays on the understanding and appreciation of 12 poems, edited by Wain.

I.27.11] George Moore: (1852-1933) Irish Member of Parliament, author.  According to this website, his universally acknowledged masterwork is the realist novel Esther Waters.

I.27.16] ‘The Village that Voted’ etc.: “The Village that Voted the Earth was Flat,” 1913 publication by Kipling.

I.27.19] ‘poor Poll’: As noted, from Oliver Goldsmith’s “Retaliation: A Poem”, in the section regarding David Garrick.

I.27.23] George Trevelyan: (1906-1996) “regarded by many as the grandfather of the movement for spiritual regeneration in Britain,” according to this hagiographic website.

I.27.26] Frederick: Carlyle’s History of Friedrich II of Prussia, called Frederick the Great, 21 volumes published between 1858 and 1865.

I.27.29] ‘investigate the parts of shame . . . problem solved’:

I.28.4] Reflections in a Mirror: See I.21.22.

I.28.6] Tommy Lascelles: As noted, Sir Alan Lascelles, onetime Private Secretary to King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.

I.28.19] Beerbohm Tree: Herbert Beerbohm Tree (1853-1917), English actor.

I.28.20] could say in Macbeth ‘Which of you has done this’: Macbeth, Act III, Scene 4.

I.28.23] George Chitty: George Jameson Chitty (1876-1947).  As noted, Eton master.

I.28.23] C. Miller: As noted, Eton doctor.

Letter 11, RHD to GL, 27 November 1955


I.29.24] Cobbett: Presumably William Cobbett (1762-1835), journalist, called by Karl Marx “the greatest pamphleteer England has ever produced.”

I.29.24] ‘When I see . . . I tremble for the writer’:

I.29.35] the famous Lit.Soc.: As noted, the Literary Society, a dining club founded in 1807 by Wordsworth and others.

I.30.10] assez lugubre: gloomy enough.

I.30.11] Lady Violet Bonham-Carter: (1887-1969) Author, governor of the BBC, 1941, first woman president of the Liberal Party, 1944.  See this short biography.

I.31.1] Ivor Brown: English journalist, editor of the Observer 1942.

I.31.6] The Queen and the Rebels: A play by Ugo Betti, Italian playwright/jurist.  See a review.

I.31.8] Arthur Ransome: (1884-1976) Writer of books for children.  See this biography and this website.

I.31.14] in posse: in potential but not in actuality.

I.31.15] William Plomer: (1903-1973) Poet, novelist, librettist, biographer and editor.

I.31.17] ‘Elephant Bill’: Lt. Colonel J.H. Williams, author of the book Elephant Bill, published by Hart-Davis in 1950.

I.31.18] the Priestleys’: J. B. Priestley (1894-1984), English novelist and essayist.

I.31.19] Edith Evans: (1888-1976) English actress, whose classic performance as Lady Bracknell in the 1952 film The Importance of Being Earnest set the standard for the role.  See this biography.

I.31.19] Rosamond Lehmann: (1901-1990) English novelist, sister of John Lehmann.  See this website.

I.31.25] Evelyn Shuckburgh’s sixteen-year old daughter: Evelyn Shuckburgh, translator and diplomat.  His daughter was Catherine Shuckburgh.

I.31.30] Humphrey Lyttelton: Son of George, jazz bandleader and later host of the British radio program I’m Sorry I Haven’t a Clue.  See this short biography.

Letter 12, GL to RHD, 30 November 1955


I.32.4] Twain . . . ‘spell of the dry grins’: Actually Joel Chandler Harris, from the Uncle Remus story Old Mr. Rabbit, He’s a Good Fisherman: "In des 'bout half-n'our, honey, bofe un um wuz back in de new groun' wukkin des like dey never heer'd er no well, ceppin' dat eve'y now'n den Brer Rabbit, he'd git a spell er de dry grins."

I.32.6] imposthumes: abscesses.

I.32.7] furuncles: boils.

I.32.10] Hagley: The Hagley Cricket Club.

I.32.11] Plum Warner, Charles Fry, Gerry Weigall and Harry Altham: Cricketers.

I.32.20] Broadbentian: As noted,  Henry Broadbent, Eton master.

I.32.23] ‘Regulus’: A short story by Rudyard Kipling, in which Latin students are taken through the Horatian ode Regulus, III.5, and made to translate it.

I.32.25] Craven Scholar: Winner of a Craven Scholarship at Oxford.  See for instance this website.

I.32.27] I am not referring to the author of The Upton Letters etc.: The author of The Upton Letters appears to be the same Arthur (AC) Benson who taught George, so I must assume George is referring to a change in Benson’s personality over time.

I.32.30] Charles Fisher: (1877-1916), cricketer, evidently a classmate of George’s.  See this website.

I.32.30] the Invincible: British battlecruiser sunk by the Germans at the Battle of Jutland in 1916.  See this website and this one for photos and information on the battle.

I.32.32] ‘You can see how the good things are done . . . how the devil he did it.’:  Presumably a statement by Fisher.

I.33.3] ‘Through the dear might of Him that walked the waves’: from Milton’s Lycidas (1637).

I.33.6] Housman: A.E. Housman (1859-1936), English poet and scholar.  See this website for a longer discussion.

I.33.8] Leavis: F.R. (Francis Raymond) Leavis, 1895-1978.  Prominent British literary critic, chief editor of the journal Scrutiny.

I.33.14] T.R. Henn: British literary scholar, essayist, author of books on Yeats, Kipling, Shakespeare.

I.33.16] Baron Holstein: German diplomat of the early 20th century.

I.33.32] William Cory: English poet and classicist.  See this website.

I.33.36] ‘In Tenebris’: A poem by Thomas Hardy.

I.34.4] Numb as a vane . . .: As noted, from Hardy, “She, to Him” (1866), III.

I.34.14: Adam in Moonshine: Novel by J.B. Priestley, published by Heinemann in 1927.

I.34.21] ‘the paucity of human pleasures’: Samuel Johnson on the lack of pleasure gained via the activity of hunting: “It is very strange, and very melancholy, that the paucity of human pleasures should persuade us ever to call hunting one of them.”

I.34.25] Evelyn’s Prep School:

I.34.29] Lord Montgomery: Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery (1887-1976), commander of the British Eighth Army in North Africa during World War II.

Letter 13, RHD to GL, 4 December 1955


I.35.8] E.F. Benson: (1867-1940) English novelist and biographer.  See this short biography.

I.35.16] Margaret Duchess of Newcastle: (1623-1673), writer.  See this website.  Douglas Grant’s Margaret the First: A Biography of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, 1623-1673 was published by Hart-Davis in 1957.

I.35.31] Osbert Sitwell: (1892-1969) English writer, brother of Edith and Scheverell Sitwell.  See this biography of the Sitwells.

I.35.33] ‘those talented sisters-in-law’:

I.36.6] ‘The Convergence of the Twain’ and ‘An Ancient to Ancients’: Poems by Hardy.
'The Convergence of the Twain'
'An Ancient to Ancients'

I.36.22] the Paternosters Club:

I.36.23] Lord Mountbatten: Louis of Battenberg (1900-1979).  Involved in British military command during World War II, Viceroy of India starting in 1947.  Killed by the Irish Republican Army, 1979.

Letter 14, GL to RHD, 7 December 1955


I.37.19] As We Were and Final Edition: E.F. Benson’s As We Were was published by Longmans, Green & Co. in 1930; his Final Edition by Appleton-Century in 1940.

I.37.20] An Average Man, The Conventionalists (Robert Hugh Benson): (1871-1914), English author. The Average Man was published by P.J. Kenedy in 1913; The Conventionalists by Hutchinson, apparently, in 1908.

I.37.23] ‘The Ancient House’: See a picture and a short article.

I.37.27] ‘still small voice of coins’: I cannot find this exact quote anywhere; 1 Kings 19:12 refers to the voice of God as a ‘still, small voice’.

I.38.3] ‘If there be any merit, think on these things’: From Philippianas 4:8: “. . . if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things”.

I.38.6] Morris dancing: “A form of ritual folkdance which comes from the Cotswold region in western England,” according to this website.

I.38.6] Knurr and Spell: Archaic West Yorkshire game.  There is a short description here.

I.38.25] anyone who went to bed before 12 was a scoundrel:

I.38.35] Aumonier: Stacy Aumonier (1887-1928), author.

I.38.36] that Titanic poem: “The Convergence of the Twain”; see I.36.6.

I.38.36] the H.M. and Mrs Warre: Edmond Warre, headmaster at Eton from 1884 to 1905, and his wife.

I.39.7] in fact might have been written by me . . . Shakespeare: the anecdote, available here, is as follows:

Wordsworth boasted in Charles Lamb’s hearing, "I could write Shakespeare if I had a mind to."
"So it's only the mind that's lacking," murmured Lamb.

I.39.10] ‘Reminiscences of a Dancing Man’ in Time’s Laughing-Stocks: For the former, see this websiteTime’s Laughing-Stocks is a book of Hardy’s poetry published in 1909.

I.39.14] ‘The Caged Goldfinch’ in Moments of Vision: ‘The Caged Goldfinch’, a poem by Hardy.  Moments of Vision and Miscellaneous Verses, the book containing it, was published in 1917.

I.39.15] ‘The Men Who March Away’: Actually “Men Who March Away”, another poem by Thomas Hardy, also contained in Moments of Vision.

I.39.20] E.V. Lucas: English biographer, editor, writer and poet.

I.39.22] Cinquevalli: Paul Chinquevalli, juggler.

I.39.25] the Petition of Right: “An important document setting out the rights and liberties of the subject as opposed to the prerogatives of the crown,” according to this website.

15, RHD to GL, 11 December 1955


I.40.16] The Dynasts: Lengthy play by Thomas Hardy regarding the “War With Napoleon”.

I.40.30] Great men are meteors . . . this is my burnt-out hour.: Spoken by the character of Napoleon in Part Third, Act Seventh, Scene IX of The Dynasts.

I.41.4] quorum pars minima fui: Goethe, writing to his friend Knebel: “I am very glad that I have seen all this with my own eyes and that I shall be able to say when people talk of this important epoch: et quorum pars minima fui.

I.41.6] the Orleans Club: A London club, absorbed by Boodle’s by the time of Rupert’s writing; it is somewhat odd that he still calls it the Orleans Club.

I.41.8] the Wine & Food Society: Presumably the International Wine & Food Society.

I.41.10] Cricket All His Life: Cricket writings in prose and verse by E.V. Lucas, published by Hart-Davis in 1950.

I.41.18] Heinemann: William Heinemann, Ltd., British publishing house.

I.41.27] Lionel Fraser:

I.41.37] Nancy Caccia: Wife of Sir Harold Caccia, later British Ambassador to the United States.

I.42.1] Waiting for Godot: Groundbreaking absurdist play by Samuel Beckett.

Letter 16, GL to RHD, 14 December 1955


I.42.12] de profundis: “out of the deep”

I.42.29] John Wesley: Anglican clergyman, co-founder of Methodism.  See this short biography and list of writings.

I.43.7] ex cathedra: “from the chair”; authoritative teaching.

I.43.21] that extremely beautiful book How Green etc.: How Green Was My Valley by Richard Llewellyn, published by Michael Joseph in 1939.

I.43.31] Tatlers: George appears to be referring to the modern Tatler, rather than the Addison and Steele Tatler from the 1700s.

I.43.32] Lilliput: A British magazine, not well described here.

I.43.33] ‘slosh’: A form of billiards.  See this website.

I.44.8] Attlee: Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister, 1945-1951.

I.44.8] Desmond Donnelly: Labour MP, author.

I.44.9] W.G. Grace: W.G. Grace, famously talented cricketer.

I.44.23] larrikin: A person given to comical or outlandish behavior.

I.44.24] Kruger: Boer leader Paul Kruger, President of the South African Republic.

Letter 17, RHD to GL, 17 December 1955


I.45.7] Pirbright: the Pirbright Army Training Centre, Woking, Surrey.

I.45.33] MSS: manuscripts.

I.46.2] Stekel: Wilhelm Stekel (1868-1940), disciple of Freud.

I.46.16] La Plume de ma Tante: Musical revue with music by Gerard Calvi, book by Robert Dhery, and lyrics by Francis Blanche.  See this review of the year in theatre 1955.

I.46.19] Viola Meynell: (1886-1956), British writer.

I.46.21] the London Library: “An independent subscription library serving the needs of scholars by lending books for use at home,” according to their website.

I.46.22] Simon Nowell-Smith: (1909-96) British book collector and biographer.

I.46.26] Cuthbert Headlam: Conservative MP, author, diarist; brother of Maurice and Tuppy.

I.46.38] the Royal Literary Fund: A British charity for writers.

I.46.30] Stephen Potter: (1900-1969) Author of numerous humor books such as One-Upsmanship, Gamesmanship, etc.

I.46.33] Wyndham Ketton-Cremer: (1906-1969) Robert Wyndham Ketton-Kremer, historian and biographer, left his home Felbrigg Hall to the National Trust.  See also this website.

I.46.33] De Beer: (1895-1990) Esmond de Beer, “Scholar and benefactor,” according to this article.

I.46.34] Evelyn: The Diary of John Evelyn.  John Evelyn (1620-1706) was a diarist, book collector, and autodidact, Rupert’s “fifteen-guineas” comment is echoed here.

I.47.2] Northanger Abbey: Novel by Jane Austen, published posthumously in 1817.

I.47.3] Old Mortality: Novel by Sir Walter Scott, published 1816.

Letter 18, GL to RHD, 22 December 1955


I.47.address] R.M.A. Bourne: (1918-1995) George’s son-in-law.

I.47.14] George Hirst: Cricketer; see this website.

I.47.16] ‘Any Questions’: British radio program featuring intellectuals answering questions on a variety of topics.

I.48.6] Edmund Gosse: English critic and biographer.

I.48.8] Ralph Wightman: English farmer, author, and broadcaster, noted for his West Country accent; appeared on ‘Any Questions?’  (See I.47.16).

I.48.8] Mrs Stocks: (1891-1975) “champion of many causes,” appeared on ‘Any Questions?’  Entered House of Lords at age 1975.  See for instance this short biography.

I.48.9] Bob Boothby: Media personality and Conservative minister; later romantically linked with Ronnie Kray, notorious gangster.

I.48.19] Jowett: Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893), Greek scholar, noted translator, clergyman, master at Oxford.

I.48.24] Bernard Fergusson: (1911-1980) Governor General of New Zealand, Chancellor of St. Andrew’s University.  Famous monocle-wearer.  See his obituary.

I.48.27] Tuppy: As noted, G.W. Headlam, Eton master.  Brother of Maurice and Cuthbert.

I.49.3] ‘desperate tides of the great . . . a single heart’: From F.W.H. Myers’ poem “St. Paul.”

I.49.8] Jonah: As noted, L.E. (Sir Laurence) Jones, writer, repeatedly referred to throughout the Letters.

I.49.16] Sir G. Sitwell: Sir George Sitwell, father of Edith, Osbert, and Sacheverell.

I.49.18] Synge: John Millington Synge (1971-1909), playwright.

I.49.18] ‘go romancing through a roaring lifetime . . . Judgment Day’: from J.M. Synge’s best-known play The Playboy of the Western World, 1911, near the end of Act III, slightly misquoted; “romping” is correct, rather than “roaring”.

Letter 19, RHD to GL, Boxing Day 1955


I.50.25] Robert Lutyens: Architect, furniture designer.  As noted, son of architect Sir Edwin Lutyens.

I.50.34] the first Earl of Lytton (Owen Meredith): (1831-1891) pseudonym of Edward Robert, First Earl of Lytton, poet.

I.50.36] Lady Emily Lutyens: Wife of Edwin Lutyens, mother of Robert.

I.50.37] A Blessed Girl: subtitled Memoirs of a Victorian Girlhood Chronicled in an Exchange of Letters 1887-1896, published by Hart-Davis in 1953.

I.51.4] Heritage by Anthony West:  More background is available here.

Letter 20, GL to RHD, 30 December 1955


I.51.30] ‘la crapule’: Literally, “the villain”, but . . .

I.51.30] diridonosis:                   

Letter 21, RHD to GL, New Year’s Day 1956


I.51.13] Wykhamists: (also often (usually?) Wykehamists) Graduates of Winchester College, founded in the fourteenth century by William of Wykeham.

I.52.14] Lord Esher: Reginald Baliol Brett (1852-1930), later Lord Esher, friend to Queen Victoria and advisor of Edward VII and George V.

I.52.28] Gilbert Murray: Professor of Greek and classical translator, as described here.

I.52.31] Lord Samuel: Edwin Herbert Samuel (1870-1963), MP, leader of the Liberal Party.

I.52.32] suaviter in modo: Gentle in manner, in an inoffensive manner.

I.53.2] les doucers de la vie: softnesses of the life.

I.53.9] O.E. colours: As noted, pale blue and black, Old Etonian colors.

I.53.14] Fred Coleridge: F.J.R. Coleridge, Eton master.

Letter 22, GL to RHD, 3 January 1956


I.53.22] ‘meliore lapillo’:

I.53.25] C.H. Blakiston: As noted, Eton master, later Headmaster of Lancing.

I.54.11] the browsing and sluicing: Eating and drinking.  From Wodehouse’s “Jeeves and the Unbidden Guest”; the full quotation is “What with excellent browsing and sluicing and cheery conversation and what-not, the afternoon passed quite happily.”

I.54.13] ‘neutral-tinted haps and such.’: As noted, from Thomas Hardy, “He Never Expected Much”.

Letter 23, GL to RHD, 5 January 1956


I.54.15] Toddy Vaughan: As noted, Eton master.

I.54.16] Sir W. Eden: (1849-1915) Father of Anthony Eden, Prime Minister.

I.54.22] beaks: Schoolmasters.

Letter 24, RHD to GL, 8 January 1956


I.54.27] Mark Bonham-Carter: MP, editor, son of Violet Bonham-Carter

I.55.5] a poem by Sir John Denham: (1615-1659) poet.  See this entry in Johnson’s Lives of the Poets.  The poem is unidentified.

I.55.22] C.A.A.: As noted, C.A. Alington, Headmaster of Eton, later Dean of Durham.

I.55.30] My Aunt’s Rhinoceros and other Reflections: Published by Hart-Davis in 1956.

Letter 25, GL to RHD, 8 January 1956


I.56.5] ‘ultimate allowance of . . . cymbals in Naxos’: From Max Beerbohm’s And Even Now.

I.56.12] dunnest smoke of Hell: From Macbeth, Act 1, Scene 5.

Letter 26, RHD to GL, 15 January 1956


I.56.28] Separate Tables: A 1955 play by Terence Rattigan.

I.56.29] an agreeable publisher called Batsford: B.T. Batsford.

I.56.30] the St James’s Club: Founded 1859, described by Charles Graves in Leather Armchairs as “the only one in London, or possibly anywhere else in the world, which has  a separate room-and a large one at that-devoted solely to backgammon.”  That may no longer be true, as the club seems to have moved to 7-8 Park Place, London.

I.56.30] Society of Bookmen: Society consisting of publishers, agents and booksellers.

I.57.1] Robert Henriques: Author of books on warfare and related topics.

I.57.4] John Wilson of Bumpus:

I.57.6] Geoffrey Faber: Founder and first Chairman of Faber & Faber, publishers; originally Faber & Gwyer.  See this short biography.

I.57.7] Norman Birkett: (1880-1962) British alternate judge during the Nuremburg trials, liberal MP.  Represented Wallis Simpson during her divorce prior to marrying Edward VIII.

I.57.8] Michael Joseph . . . Basil Blackwell: British publishers.

I.57.13] my daughter: Bridget Hart-Davis.

I.57.15] Salad Days: Musical by Slade and Reynolds; see this synopsis.

I.57.18] my sister: Deirdre Hart-Davis, later Balfour.

Letter 27, GL to RHD, 18 January 1956


I.58.4] Sir Henry’s dignity, Sir Squire’s eyeglass, and Sir Seymour’s smile: As noted, this is a reference to the portraits of Sir Henry Irving, Sir Squire Bancroft, and Sir Seymour Hicks in the Garrick Club.

I.58.28] A.C.B. in a way ‘kept him off’ . . . ‘so far and no farther’: The nearest I have been able to find in Hugh Walpole to these quoted lines is this: “It is amusing and pathetic to see how paternally he holds me off from throwing myself into his arms.”  (p. 260).

I.58.31] his little quatrain:

I.59.5] Arnold Bennett: (1867-1931) English author.  See this biography.

I.59.9] ‘My work will never be better . . . impose on my contemporaries’:

I.59.12] ‘Pooter’ episodes: Hugh Walpole, page 41: “Some of these incidents, particularly that recorded On October 15, introduce a leit-motif which runs all through Hugh’s life and may be described as the Mr. Pooter strain in his character, since the immortal hero of The Diary of a Nobody he was liable at all times, and particularly at moments of stress, to minor accidents of the most mortifying nature.  It would be simple, but profoundly misleading, to base upon them a study of Hugh as a great comic character.”

The October 15 incident, as entered in Walpole’s diary, is this: “Visited one ship, but suddenly the back of my bags split and I had to rush home.”

I.59.14] ‘feed on the arid bosom of Heinemann’: Hugh Walpole, page 74 (as noted in the letter by George, a letter to Walpole from Henry James): “(Don’t attempt too precipitately to feed on the arid bosom of Heinemann, let me interpose--with whom I’ve had an experience--a very long one--beggaring belief; but don’t, either, please, quote me as the source of that warning.)”

I.59.25] Eden: Sir Anthony Eden, Prime Minister.

I.59.25] Dulles: Either John Foster Dulles (1888-1959), U.S. Secretary of State, or Allan Dulles, CIA director.

I.59.25] T.U.C.: the Trades Union Congress, the national trade union center in the UK.

I.59.26] your bright and brimming page:

I.59.29] Asquith’s handling of Ireland: Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister, (1908-1916).  Irish home rule was an important topic during Asquith’s administration.

I.59.30] the Liberal heresies of the early 1900’s: Relaxations and alterations in church doctrine, ritual, and writings.  I am not sure to which specific heresies George is referring.

I.60.2] A.J.P. Taylor: Alan John Percivale Taylor (1906-1990), Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, historian.

I.60.3] Lord Acton: John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton (1834-1902).  MP for Ireland (Carlow).  Professor of Modern History at Cambridge.  It is clear from their dates of birth and death that A.J.P. Taylor never actually met Actorn or heard him speak.

I.60.10] Julian Huxley: (1887-1975) British biologist and author.  See this short biography.

I.60.10] Prof Hogben: Lancelot Hogben (1895-1975), Cambridge scholar, biologist, linguist, essayist and author.

I.60.10] A.L. Rowse: (1903-1997) British Shakespearean scholar, author, editor.

I.60.27] Henry Fairlie: (1924-1990) British Author.

I.60.30] the Cliveden set: Cliveden, a “spectacular estate overlooking the River Thames . . . Once the home of Nancy, Lady Astor”.  “The Cliveden set” is a name used, by those of a conspiracy-finding bent, for a group allegedly intent on the preservation and expansion of the British Empire.  See this website.  Interestingly, the Lyttelton family is mentioned as part of this group.

I.60.30] Geoffrey Dawson: Editor of The Times of London.

I.61.2] Fitzgerald: Edward FitzGerald (1809-1883), translator of the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám and other poetry.

I.61.3] ‘Don’t write about politics; I agree with you beforehand’:

I.61.8] ‘He was at Eton, and had therefore had no education’:

I.61.13] Cakes and Ale: by W. Somerset Maugham; a roman à clef of London literary and political society.  According to this website, “This book portrayed Hugh Walpole - in the character of Alroy Kear - as a rather unpleasant and scheming literary opportunist.”

I.61.15] vieux: old man.

Letter 28, RHD to GL, 22 January 1956


I.61.24] faute de mieux: For lack of something better.  (Someone, in this instance).

I.61.26] The Dark Forest, Mr Perrin and Mr Traill, The Old Ladies: The Dark Forest, 1916; Mr Perrin and Mr Traill, 1911, The Old Ladies, 1924.

I.61.27] the Jeremy books: Jeremy, 1919; Jeremy and Hamlet, 1923; Jeremy at Crale, 1927.

I. 61.28] The Killer and the Slain: Published in 1941.

See this website for commentary on many of the above books by Hugh Walpole.

I.62.1] bien entendu: of course.

I.62.8] his taking a revolver as a present to General Neguib?!: Neguib was the head of a group of army officers which took over the Egyptian government in 1952-3.  Dulles apparently gave Neguib what has been described as  “decorative pistol” for ceremonial purposes.

I.62.11] Adlai . . . was married to my wife’s first cousin . . . Governor of Illinois: Stevenson and Ellen Borden were married 1928; Stevenson was elected governor of Illinois in 1948; the Stevensons were divorced in 1949.

I.62.15] Call to Greatness: Published by Hart-Davis in 1954.

I.62.16] What I Think: Published by Hart-Davis in 1956.

I.62.26] Herbert G R I M S D I T C H: Thomas Hardy scholar, translator.

I.62.31] Constance Garnett: (1861-1946) prolific translator of Russian literature.  See this short biography.

I.62.35] H.N. Brailsford: (1873-1958) Journalist, author, editor.  See this short biography.

I.63.2] Haley: William J. Haley, later Sir William, journalist, Director-General of the BBC 1944-52, then editor of The Times of London.

I.63.3] Ian Hay: (1876-1952) Scottish novelist.

I.63.6] Mrs Belloc Lowndes’s husband: Frederic Lowndes, later (apparently) editor of The Times.

I.20.23] Charley’s Aunt: 1892 farce by Brandon Thomas.

Letter 29, GL to RHD, 25 January 1956


I.64.33] Ranjitsinhji: KS Ranjitsinhji, a.k.a. Ranji, cricketer.  The first Indian to represent England.

I.64.34] Fetherstonhaugh: no clear referent.                

I.64.34] I grow old, Master Shallow: “Old, old, Master Shallow”: Falstaff, in Shakespeare’s Henry IV Part 2, Act III Scene 2.

I.64.5] M. Arnold: Matthew Arnold (1822-1888), poet and critic.

I.64.6] the Trevor-Ropers: Hugh Trevor-Roper (1914-), British historian.

I.65.12] T.H. White: Terence Hanbury White (1906-1964), English writer.

 I.65.14] Bradman: Don Bradman, cricketer.

I.65.14] Palairet and Woolley: Cricketers; see Pailairet and Wooley.

I.65.22] ‘like a sudden glory’: Thomas Hobbes, On Human Nature: “Laughter is nothing else but sudden glory arising from some sudden conception of some eminency in ourselves, by comparison with the infirmity of others, or with our own formerly.”

I.65.23] Cosmo Cantuar: (1864-1945) Cosmo Gordon Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury, who habitually signed his letters “Cosmo Cantuar”.

I.65.24] William Temple: (1881-1944) Archbishop of Canterbury.

I.65.26] the other book, the Henry James letters: published by Hart-Davis in 1956.

I.65.33] Pater: Walter Pater, critic, a leader of the aesthetic school.

I.66.2] Old Gow: As noted, A.S.F. Gow, Eton master, later Fellow of Trinity, Cambridge.

I.66.4] Hendrik Andersen: American sculptor.  See this website for info on James and Andersen.

I.66.11] Was it D. Parker . . . the men at play: No, it was Sarah Norcliffe Cleghorn who wrote:

The golf links lie so near the mill
   That almost every day
The laboring children can look out
   And see the men at play.

I.66.33] Edmund Gwenn: (1875-1959) English stage actor and film star.  See this short biography.

I.66.33] Marie Löhr: (1890-1975) Australian-born actress who moved to England in 1900.  See this website.

I.67.4] Who was it described his smile as ‘like sunshine on putty’: Katherine Bradley and Edith Cooper, according to this article.

Letter 30, RHD to GL, 29 January 1956


I.67.5] Michael Sadleir: (1888-1957) Author, publisher, bibliographer, and book collector, biographer of Anthony Trollope.

I.67.11] Hutton: Leonard Hutton (1916-1990), cricketer, who was, in fact, knighted.

I.67.14] the O.M.: The Order of Merit.

I.67.16] Macdonald: E.A. Macdonald, cricketer.

I.67.18] Tyson: Frank Tyson, cricketer.

I.67.21] Broadbent: Henry Broadbent (1852-1935), Eton master. (?)

I.67.21] Luxmoore: H.E. Luxmoore (?-1926), Eton master.

I.68.13] Miss Robins: Elizabeth Robins (1862-1952), novelist and feminist activist.

I.68.16] Mrs Stevenson: Fanny Stevenson, wife of Robert Louis Stevenson.  The letter (page 219 of Selected Letters of Henry James, published by Hart-Davis in 1956), begins

My dear Fanny Stevenson,

What can I say to you that will not seem cruelly irrelevant or vain?  We have been sitting in darkness for nearly a fortnight, but what is our darkness to the extinction of your magnificent light . . . .

I.68.18] ‘the unlit lamp and the ungirt loin’: From Robert Browning, “The Statue and the Bust”

I.68.28] Eric Linklater: (1899-1974) Scottish poet, historical writer, novelist.  See this short biography.

I.68.30] Mr Byculla: Published by Hart-Davis in 1950.

I.68.31] also a book of short stories: Sealskin Trousers and Other Stories, published by Hart-Davis in 1947.

I.69.2] René Clair: French film director.  See this entry.

I.69.2] Summer Manoeuvres: Aka Les Grandes manouevres.

I.69.7] Harold Nicolson: Author, MP.  See this short biography.

I.69.12] Reviewing here . . . laugh at him as a liar:

I.69.18] Alistair Cooke: (1908-) British journalist and commentator.

Letter 31, GL to RHD, 1 February 1956


I.69.26] the Listener: English newspaper.

I.70.1] Wilfrid Blunt: (?-1987) Senior Drawing Master at Eton.

I.70.17] Past and Present: See the full text here.

I.70.17] ‘Pig Philosophy’: There seems to be some dispute about this . . . web searches indicate that Carlyle was speaking of Utilitarianism, or Political Economy, or Capitalism, as a ‘Pig Philosophy’.  The true subject of which Carlyle may have been speaking almost seems to be variable, depending upon the political bent of the website author.  It seems most likely that Carlyle was speaking of Utilitarianism, and made the ‘Pig Philosophy’ comment in his “Latter-Day Pamphlet” entitled Jesuitism.

I.70.25] Walter Berry: friend of Edith Wharton, lawyer and critic.

I.70.25] John Bailey: As noted, John Cann Bailey (1864-1931), literary critic, husband of George’s aunt the Hon. Sarah Lyttelton.

I.70.26] the English Association:

I.70.30] the Duke of Wellington: Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), Napoleon’s nemesis.  See

I.70.31] you don’t care one twopenny damn what either of them says:

I.71.1] Trumper, Hobbs, Hammond, Macartney and Bradman: Cricketers.

I.71.4] Tom Richardson: Cricketer; see this entry.  Cardus is quoted on that page.

I.71.8] A.A. Milne: Alan Alexander Milne (1882-1956), Scottish/English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh stories.

I.71.12] Amises: Kingsley Amis (1922-1995), English novelist.  Amis was just enjoying his first measure of recognition at this time, his star-making novel Lucky Jim having been published in 1954, and his second novel That Uncertain Feeling in 1955.

I.71.14] The Red House Mystery: Published 1922; available in full text here.

I.71.19] Geoffrey Davson: (1922-1998) Elinor Glyn was written by Anthony Glyn (later Sir Anthony Glyn), and published in 1955 by Hutchinson.  Geoffrey Davson apparently changed his name to Anthony Glyn in honor of his grandmother.

I.71.20] Elinor Glyn: (1864-1943) Author of romantic novels.  See this website.

I.71.23] Wycherly in The Country Wife: A classic of Restoration comedy.

Letter 32, RHD to GL, 5 February 1956


I.72.9] Martin de Selincourt: English businessman; owner of Swan and Edgar’s in Regent Street.  His daughter Dorothy married A.A. Milne.

I.72.14] Christopher Robin:  Son of Dorothy and A.A. Milne; a character named after him appears in the Winnie-the-Pooh books.

I.72.16] Beachcomber . . . J.B. Morton: The “Beachcomber” column was a humorous column in the Daily Express; Morton (1893-1975) was the second author of the column, and evidently the more successful, following D.B. Wyndham-Lewis.

I.73.15] Mr. Bultitude: A character in F. Anstey’s Vice Versa.  Anstey was the pseudonym of Thomas Anstey Guthrey (1856-1934).

I.73.20] Janet Adam Smith: (1905-1999) Editor and author.

I.73.21] John B.: John Buchan (1875-1940) Australian/Scottish author, best known for his thrillers featuring protagonist Richard Hannay, such as The Thirty Nine Steps (1915).

I.73.27] Randolph Churchill: Lord Randolph Churchill (1845-1895), MP; father of Winston Churchill.

Letter 33, GL to RHD, 9 February 1956


I.74.8] un-Aldingtonian: Refers to Richard Aldington (1892-1962), poet, novelist, literary scholar.

I.74.11] Conybeare: As noted, A.E. Conybeare, Eton master.

I.74.31] John Raymond: Most book reviewers have lives outside of reviewing, but I can turn up nothing on Raymond.

I.75.3] Freya S.: Freya Stark, world traveler, diplomat, author.

I.75.5] Sassoon’s letters: Siegfried Sassoon (1886-1967), war poet, author.

I.75.13] Beyond Belief:

I.75.16] Oxford Apostles: Oxford Apostles: A Character Study of the Oxford Movement, was published by Faber and Faber in 1933.

I.75.19] Newman: John Henry Newman (1801-1890), famously controversial churchman who converted from Anglicanism to Catholicism in 1845.

I.75.25] C.E. Montague: (1867-1928), journalist, author.  See this short biography.

I.75.25] Bourchier: Arthur Bourchier (1864-?), English actor.

I.75.35] Dr Pusey: Edmund Pusey (1800-1882), theologian, leader of the Oxford Movement.  (see I.75.16).

I.76.4] Joxer Daly: Character in Sean O’Casey’s play “Juno and the Paycock.”

I.76.33] C.U.A.C.: Cambridge Unversity (something) Club, presumably.

Letter 34, RHD to GL, 12 February 1956


I.77.27] Nancy Cunard: (1896-1965) Only child of Sir Bache Cunard, of the shipping family, poet, author.  See this short biography.

I.77.30] Harman Grisewood: (1906-1997) Broadcaster, administrator with long service at the BBC, stretching from 1929 to 1964.  See this biographical sketch, and this obituary.

I.78.6] Osbert Lancasters’: Osbert Lancaster (1908-1986) English artist and humorist.

I.78.23] Iris Hoey: (1885-1979) English actress.  See this picture.

I.78.24] Cyril Raymond: (1897-1973) English actor.

I.79.2] Gemütlichkeit: Warm friendliness, amicability.

Letter 35, GL to RHD, 15 February 1956


I.79.25] ‘disgruntled’ though P.G. Wodehouse . . . ‘gruntled’: In The Code of the Woosters, Wodehouse wrote: “He spoke with a certain what-is-it in his voice, and I could see that, if not actually disgruntled, he was far from being gruntled.”

I.80.6] the mellifluous Freddie: Freddie Grisewood, first chairman of Any Questions, cousin of Harman.

I.80.8] Vyshinsky: (1883-1954) Soviet prosecutor.  Responsible for prosecution of many of Stalin’s political enemies. See this short biography.

I.80.8] Molotoff: (1889-1986) Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union.  See this short biography.

I.80.17] Jedediah Cleishbottom: Actually Jedediah Cleishbotham, pseudonym used by Sir Walter Scott.

I.80.18] Housman’s mysterious and absurd Terence: Housman used the name Terence to refer to himself in his poetry.

I.80.21] Raymond Mortimer: Literary editor of the New Statesman.

I.80.30] P.G.W.’s Russian novelist . . . Virgin Birth: In Wodehouse’s short story “The Clicking of Cuthbert,” Russian novelist Vladimir Brusiloff is fond of utterances such as “I spit me of zem all.”

I.81.2] George Herbert’s ‘But oh . . . utter all Thy praise’: From the hymn “When All Thy Mercies, O My God,” words not by Herbert, but rather Joseph Addison, 1712.

I.81.4] ‘Oh ye ice . . . praise ye the Lord’: From the Book of Common Prayer, A Song of Creation.

I.81.5] My eccentric uncle Albert’s substitution: See I.15.32.

I.81.9] as Watts Dunton said . . . Max Beerbohm: Swinburne was rescued from alcoholism by Theodore Watts-Dunton, and lived the rest of his life at Watts-Dunton’s house.  I had hoped that the reference was to an event from “No. 2 The Pines” in Beerbohm’s And Even Now, but I could not find it there.

I.81.19] Cranmer’s: Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556), churchman, creator of the Book of Common Prayer.  Burnt at the stake in 1556.

I.81.25] George Birmingham: As noted, pseudonym of Canon James Own Hannay (1865-1950), novelist.

I.81.26] Birrell who said . . . regret religion was not true:

I.82.3] ‘All occasions invite His mercies, and all times are His seasons’: John Donne, preaching at St. Paul’s on Christmas Day, 1624, LXXX Sermons, 3.

I.82.11] ‘Many the ways, the little home is one’: From Thomas Lovell Beddoes’s play “Death’s Jest Book,” Act I.  For Beddoes (1803-1849), see this short biography.

Letter 36, RHD to GL, 19 February 1956


I.82.19] le dernier cri: The latest thing; the newest fashion.

I.82.25] abonnés: Subscribers.

I.82.27] A.B. Walkley: Dramatic critic for the Times.

I.83.7] Evy: Presumably Jones’s (Jonah’s) wife .

I.83.10] Ursula Ridley: (-1967) Born Ursula Lutyens, married Matthew White Ridley (1902-1964).

I.83.11] An Edwardian Youth: L.E. Jones’s book was published by Macmillan in 1956.

I.83.13] Lumley Castle: See this website.

I.83.18] E.S.P. Haynes: English attorney and author.

I.83.23] Sydney Smith’s ‘eating . . . trumpets’: (1771-1845) English clergyman, essayist, according to this website.

I.84.3] caesura: A pause in the middle of a poetic verse. See this definition which seems to praise the very thing about which Rupert is complaining.

I.84.12] Life of George Moore by Joseph Hone: Published by Gollancz in 1936.  Hone was a biographer and scholar known for his works regarding W.B. Yeats.

I.84.19] Epitaph on George Moore: Charles Morgan’s book was published by Macmillan & Co. in 1935.

I.84.30] Landor’s poem to Ianthe: Walter Savage Landor (1775-1864), English romantic poet.  The quoted lines are from Landor’s “Well I Remember”.

Letter 37, GL to RHD, 23 February 1956


I.85.8] whoreson: abominable, detestable.

I.85.10] to ‘swink’: As noted, to toil.

I.85.20] ‘the ungodly, filled with . . . His wrath prevailing: Quoted from the hymm “Great God, What Do I See and Hear.”

I.85.26] ‘Man is least himself . . . he will tell the truth.’: From The Critic as Artist, 1891.

I.85.30] Sinister Street: Compton Mackenzie’s novel of Oxford undergraduate life, published in 1914.

I.85.31] Stephen McKenna’s Sonia?: This 1917 novel seems not to have made it into the canon; a brief excerpt can be found here.

I.85.31] Tom Brown at Oxford . . . Hughes: A novel by Thomas Hughes (1822-1896), this sequel to Tom Brown’s School Days (1857) was published in 1861.

I.86.5] Miss Tishy in Jonathan Wild: A short novel by Henry Fielding.  Tishy is one of Wild’s daughters.  See this website.

I.86.7] Humphreys:

I.86.19] ‘this pomp of worlds, this pain of birth’: Schopenhauer, quoted in G.K. Chesterton’s Orthodoxy.

I.86.25] ‘that delightful blackguard G.M. . . . the Transfiguration’:

I.86.27] ‘dear Edward’ Martyn: (1859-1923) Irish hlaywright, distant cousin of George Moore.  See this website.

I.86.32] The Brook Kerith: Novel by George Moore, published in 1916.

I.86.35] how he proved . . . bad writer of English Newman was?:

I.86.37] C.M. Wells: Former Eton master, as noted at I.105.37.

I.87.5] Elliott (H.M.): Claude Elliott, Eton headmaster, 1933-1949.

I.87.8] A. and M.: Hymns Ancient and Modern, of which various versions have been printed.

I.87.11] Ainger: A.C. Ainger (1841-1919), Eton master.

I.87.23] Alexander Woollcott: (1887-1943), U.S. reviewer, essayist, wit.  See this website.

I.87.24] the rather repulsive letter of triumph:

I.87.28] one of his books:

I.87.28] Booker: R.P.L. Booker, apparently an Eton master.

I.87.30] ‘What dangerous clown has done this?’:

I.87.31] Somerville: A.A. Somerville, otherwise unidentified.

I.88.5] ‘never learnt to write simple and lucid English’:

I.88.10] Callard & Bowser: English confectioner, founded in 1837.

Letter 38, RHD to GL, 26 February 1956


I.88.26] Zuleika Dobson: Novel by Max Beerbohm, available in full text here.

I.89.5] Belloc: Hilaire Belloc (1870-1953), English writer, MP.

I.89.6] Mrs Willie James:

I.89.7] Prince, Father Vaughan . . . entertain the King.:

I.89.34] ‘Do you remember me? . . . from his throne must rise.’: From Landor’s poem “Do You Remember Me?  Or Are You Proud?”.

I.90.13] Jo Grimond: (1933-1993), MP, leader of the Liberal Party.  See this website.

I.90.15] Donald (now Lord) Somervell: Attorney General.

I.90.17] Lord Dunsany: Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett (1878-1957), Irish writer.

Letter 39, GL to RHD, 1 March 1956


I.90.32] My uncle Edward: Edward Lyttelton (1855-1942).

I.91.9] our A.V.: The Authorized Version of the Bible.

I.91.20] ‘slabbery’, as Swift says:

I.91.24] The Babe B.A.: Published by Putman in 1897.

I.91.20] Julian Home by good Dean Farrar: Frederic W. Farrar’s book was published in 1859, although 1866 is often cited.

I.91.21] St. Winifred’s: Also by Frederic W. Farrar, published in 1862.

I.91.21] Talbot Baines Reed’s The Fifth Form at St Dominic’s: Reed (1852-1893); The Fifth Form was published in 1887.  See also this website for more on Victorian novels of public school life.

I.92.1] the drains are nearer the heart of truth than the dew:

I.92.6] Horace Cole: William Horace de Vere Cole (1881-1936), prankster, famous for the ‘Dreadnought’ hoax, among others.

I.92.12] Leslie Stephen: (1832-1904) British philosopher, writer, editor.  See this biography.

I.92.12] Adrian: Adrian Stephen (1883-1948), psychoanalyst.  Author of The Dreadnought Hoax.

I.92.15] Peter Quennell: (1905-1994) Poet, historian, biographer, and editor.  See this website.

I.92.29] ‘We are the music-makers’: As noted, poem by Arthur O’Shaugnessy (1844-1881).

I.93.3] the great Bentley: Richard Bentley (1662-1742), classical scholar.

I.93.13] Bandmaster Barnacle: The bottom picture might include this particular Mr. Barnacle.

I.93.15] Lou Magnolia: As stated, a boxing referee.

I.93.26] Pamela: George’s wife, Pamela Lyttelton.

Letter 40, RHD to GL, 4 March 1956


I.94.2] William Nicholson: (1872-1949) English painter.  Some of his work can be seen at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.

I.94.3] Ben: Ben Nicholson OM (1894-1982), artist.

I.94.34] George . . . Dunbar: The seventh Baronet of Hempriggs, George Gospatrick Duff-Sutherland-Dunbar (-1963).  For a history of the family, see this website.

Letter 41, GL to RHD, 8 March 1956


I.96.9] ‘those reverend vegetables’: Misquoted from a letter from Thomas Gray to Horace Walpole, 1737: “. . . both hill and vale is covered over with the most venerable beeches, and other very reverend vegetables, that like most other ancient people, are always dreaming out their old stories to the wind.”

I.96.13] ‘towery city . . . below thee’: From the poem “Duns Scotus’s Oxford”, 1878, by Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889).

I.96.34] Samuel Warren’s Ten Thousand a Year: Warren (1807-1877), was a barrister, MP, and “master of lunacy”, according to this website.

I.97.1] Peacock habit: Thomas Love Peacock (1785-1866), English novelist.

I.97.3] Jephro Rucastle: A character in Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes story “The Copper Beeches.”

I.97.4] Colonel Lysander Stark: A character in Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes story “The Adventure of the Engineer’s Thumb.”

I.97.6] ‘The Speckled Band’: Another Sherlock Holmes story, available here.

I.97.10] Angus Wilson: Sir Angus Frank Johnstone Wilson (1913-1991), British writer.  “Wilson was one of England’s first openly gay writers,” according to this website.

I.97.12] Galsworthy: John Galsworthy, author of The Forsyte Saga, Nobel laureate.

I.97.18] ‘Indian Summer of a Forsyte’: Part of The Forsyte Saga, available here.

I.97.22] David Cecil: Lord Edward Christian David Gascoyne Cecil (1902-86), Oxford don, biographer.

I.97.29] D. MacCarthy: Desmond MacCarthy (1877-1952), literary editor for the New Statesman, author.

I.98.11] Gaitskell, Cripps, Crossman, Douglas Jay: Labour Party politicians.

Letter 42, RHD to GL, 11 March 1956


I.99.20] Dalton, Strachey, and his Lordship of Pakenham: Hugh Dalton, John Strachey, and Frank Pakenham, Lord Longford, all Eton alumni, and all Labour party men.

I.99.24] Selfridge: H. Gordon Selfridge (1857-1947), US-born businessman who established Selfridge’s, a major European department store chain.

I.99.35] John Carter (late K.S.), John Hayward, and Tim Munby: John Waynflete Carter (1905-1975) of King’s College, Cambridge; John Hayward, scholar and bibliophile; Tim Munby, as stated in the text, Librarian and Fellow of King’s, Cambridge.

I.100.3] Younghusband’s expedition of 1904: See this website.

I.100.3] the English Speaking Union: See their homepage.

Letter 43, GL to RHD, 14 March 1956


I.100.27] H.G.: Holy ghost.  George seems to be making a joke on the question “What is the sin against the holy spirit?” from Matthew 12:31-32, the one sin that God will not forgive.

I.100.28] ‘Thou fool’: Matthew 5:22 has “. . . but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.”

I.100.30] John Morley: Editor, MP.  See this website.

I.100.30] Mark Pattison: Church of England theologian. 

I.101.6] me judice: I being the judge; in my opinion.

I.101.10] ‘O Altitudo’: Roughly, grandiose and inspirational; from an expression of Sir Thomas Browne.

I.101.19] George Rylands: Director and producer of plays.

I.101.20] sans phrase:

I.101.24] Gully: John Gully, champion boxer of all England.

I.101.37] Stephen Glanville: As stated, Provost of King’s College, Cambridge.

I.102.1] Jeffrey, Croker, Lockhart: Francis Jeffrey (1773-1850), editor of the Edinburgh Review; John Wilson Croker (1780-1857), critic and editor; J.G. Lockhart (1794-1854), novelist, critic, essayist.

I.102.10] Saintsbury: George Saintsbury (1845-1933), critic.

I.102.16] ‘getting the thing down in the right words’:

I.102.19] Pierrepoint: Albert Pierrepoint (1905-1992), British executioner.

I.102.26] O.W.’s: Old Wykehamists; see I.51.13.

I.102.33] John Maud: Civil servant, permanent secretary at the Ministry of Education.

I.102.35] ‘Charity suffereth long’: I Corinthians 13:4 – “Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up.”

I.103.5] ‘deferred’ and ‘preferred’ shares: Holders of deferred shares do nore receive dividends until certain conditions are met; holders of preferred shares receive dividends ahead of all other shareholders.

Letter 44, RHD to GL, 18 March 1956


I.103.18] Laurence Housman: (1865-1959) Brother of A.E. Housman, illustrator and writer.  See this website.

I.103.25] Enid Bagnold: (1889-1981) English writer.  See this website.

I.103.26] The Chalk Garden: 1951 play by Bagnold; Rupert may be wrong about its being “new”.

I.103.32] the Athenaeum: A club, founded in 1824, “for the association of individuals known for their scientific and literary attainments, artists of eminence in any class of the fine arts and noblemen and gentlemen distinguished as liberal patrons of science, literature or the arts.”

I.104.1] inter alia: Among other things.

I.104.2] Lord Montagu of Beaulieu: Edward, Third Baron Montagu of Beaulieu (1926-).

I.104.2] Gilbert Harding: (1907-1960) Panelist, quiz-master, broadcaster, known as “the rudest man in Britain”, according to this website.

I.104.4] Ernest Thesiger: (1879-1961) British actor.  See this website.

I.104.7] B U R G E S S  LOVES   M A C L E A N: Guy Burgess and Donald MacLean, British diplomats turned traitors; members of the “Cambridge Spy Ring”.

Letter 45, GL to RHD, 21 March 1956


I.104.17] ‘trod the ling . . . lance in rest’: From Kipling’s “The Ballad of East and West”.

I.104.26] ‘I reminded him that he was a toothless ape . . .’:

I.104.28] Mr. Justice Hilbery: English judge, apparently.

I.105.30] The Tudors: Probably Christopher Morris’s The Tudors, published by Batsford in 1955.

I.105.30] Queen V. and her P.M.’s: Algernon Cecil’s book Queen Victoria and her Prime Ministers was published by Eyre & Spottiswoode in 1953.

I.105.32] my brother-in-law Leconfield: I believe this is Charles Wyndham, 3rd Lord Leconfield, but I cannot trace the relationship to any of George’s sisters.

I.105.33] Lord Melbourne: (1779-1848) Prime Minister.  See this website.

I.105.34] Lord Egremont: It is difficult to tell to which Lord Egremont George is referring here.

Letter 46, RHD to GL, 25 March 1956


I.106.16] Diana Cooper: (1892-1986) Socialite, famous beauty, Rupert’s aunt, wife of Alfred Duff Cooper.

I.106.17] Edward Hulton: Edward G. Hulton (1906-1988), newspaperman.

I.106.23] Elizabeth Bowen: Anglo-Irish novelist.  See this website.

I.106.33] William Beckford: English writer,  author of Vathek.  See this website.

I.106.34] I published his Portuguese Journal: The Journal of William Beckford in Portugal and Spain: 1787-1788 was published by Hart-Davis in 1954.

I.107.3] the standard life of him . . . Guy Chapman: Chapman’s Beckford was published by Jonathan Cape in 1940.

I.107.17] Edgar Wallace: Prolific British novelist, playright, and journalist.  See this website.

Letter 47, GL to RHD, 29 March 1956


I.107.28] ‘Who would have thought . . . blood in him’: Macbeth, Act V, Scene 1.

I.108.13] ‘Curse Nature’ said . . . every time’: From Kipling’s “The Village That Voted the Earth Was Flat”; Masquerier is a character in the story.

I.108.15] Sidney Webb: (1859-1947) Labour party leader, MP; involved in the establishment of the London School of Economics.  See this website.

I.108.16] L.G.B.: Local Government Board.

I.108.19] ‘dearly loved a knot of little misses’: As noted, from Samuel Johnson; source unknown.

I.108.30] Lord Russell of Killowen: Charles Russell (1832-1900), solicitor, Attorney General.

I.108.35] George Morrow: (1869-1955) Irish artist; more about him here.

I.109.2] Brides-in-the-bath Smith: George Joseph Smith, who murdered three women between 1912 and 1915 for the inheritance or insurance he was due to receive; more information here.

I.109.18] Hesketh Pearson: Edward Hesketh Gibbons Pearson (1887-1964), actor and biographer.

I.109.18] M. Muggeridge: Malcolm Muggeridge (1903-1990), journalist and television host, editor of Punch, late convert to Catholicism.

I.109.19] About Kingsmill: Published in 1951 by Methuen.  Kingsmill was a prolific literary critic and noted personality.

I.109.26] Lawrence’s unliterary criticisms:

I.110.21] Guy Chapman’s Dreyfus Case: Published by Hart-Davis in 1955.

I.110.27] The Next Million Years: As noted, by Sir Charles Galton Darwin.  Published by Hart-Davis in 1952.

I.110.31] Inge: William Ralph Inge (1860-1954), British churchman, Dean of St. Pauls.

Letter 48, RHD to GL, Easter Monday, 2 April 1956


I.111.8] Ponsford: William H. Ponsford (1900-1991), Australian cricketer.

I.111.28] Frank Harris: (1856-1931), author and editor notorious for his womanizing.  See this website.  Kingsmill’s biography was published by Jonathan Cape in 1932.

I.111.30] André Maurois: Pseudonym of Émile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog, biographer, novelist, and children’s writer.

I.112.11] Pen Portraits and Reviews: Published in 1931.

I.112.15] Jim Pitman:

I.112.24] Gwen Raverat: Gwendolen Mary Raverat (1885-1957), British wood engraver.  Rupert may be referring to her book Period Piece: A Cambridge Childhood, published by Faer and Faber in 1952.

I.112.24] Geoffrey Keynes: Keynes, surgeon and bibliographer, married Gwen Raverat’s sister Margaret.  See his head here.

Letter 49, GL to RHD, 4 April 1956


I.113.6] ‘Have we not all eternity to rest (talk) in?’: From Carlyle’s Sartor Resartus: “A little while, and thou too shalt sleep no more, but thy very dreams shall be mimic battles; thou too, with old Arnauld, wilt have to say in stern patience: ‘Rest? Rest? Shall I not have all Eternity to rest in?’”

I.113.10] Colonel Wigg M.P.: George Cecil Wigg (1900-1983), politician.

I.113.10] Mrs Aphra Behn: (1640-1689) “the first professional woman writer in English,” according to this website.

I.113.12] ‘Pray consider what . . . so lavish with it.’: Misquotes Dr. Johnson; the correct quotation is “Madam, before you flatter a man so grossly to his face, you should consider whether or not your flatter is worth his having.” (Diary and Letters, Vol. I, Ch.2, 1778).

I.113.17] Rayner Wood: As noted, Eton master.

I.113.18] Margaret Fuller: New England transcendentalist.  See this website for her statement and Carlyle’s retort.

I.113.26] ‘To be uncertain . . . to be ridiculous’: Goethe, evidently, but frequently cited on the Internet as “Chinese proverb”.

I.114.10] Ellen Terry: (1847-1928) English actress; see this website.

I.114.14] A Diveristy of Creatures: Published in 1917.

I.114.19] Col. Bramble: The Silence of Colonel Bramble (1918).

I.115.1] Cyril Butterwick: As noted, Eton master, later a Director of Sotheby’s.

I.115.7] Cardinal Wolsey: (1475-1530) English clergyman.  See this website.

I.115.11] Nicholas Udall: (1505-1556) Author of the first English comedy.  See this short biography.

I.115.12] Macaulay: Thomas Babington Macaulay, English historian and author.

I.115.25] the last words of The Wrong Box: The Wrong Box, a novel Robert Louis Stevenson and Lloyd Osbourne, which ends:

'I have no engagement, Mr Finsbury,' replied Gideon. 'I shall be delighted. But subject to your judgement, can we do nothing for the man in the cart? I have qualms of conscience.'

'Nothing but sympathize,' said Michael.

I.116.3] Clement Scott: (1841-1904), author and drama critic.  See this very short biography.

I.116.5] Tom Robertson: (1829-1871) Irish playwright, allegedly the first “realist” playwright in Britain.

I.116.20] a series of volumes of his uncollected drawings: These books were apparently never published.

I.116.23] Peter Fleming’s book . . . England in 1940: Invasion 1940 was published by Hart-Davis in 1957.

Letter 50, GL to RHD, 10-11 April 1956


I.118.17] ‘The reading of . . . of the sense’: From Johnson’s Preface to Shakespeare, paragraph 141.

I.119.1] what George Forsyte called ‘the nubbly bits’: George Forsyte, a character in Galsworthy’s The Forsyte Saga.

I.119.2] Ford Madox F.: Ford Madox Ford (1873-1939), editor and author.

I.119.3] Pauvre humanité!: Poor humanity!

I.119.15] w.p.b.: waste paper basket.

I.119.21] Petrarch: Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374), Italian poet and humanist.

I.119.22] ‘Nothing is more hideous than an old schoolmaster’:

I.119.26] G.O.M.: Grand Old Man, i.e. W.E. Gladstone.

I.119.32] Arthur Balfour: (1848-1930) MP, Leader of the Conservative Party, Prime Minister (1902).  See this website.

I.119.32] Lord Roberts: Frederick Sleigh Roberts (1832-1914), Field Marshal Lord Roberts of Kandahar, V.C., K.G., K.P., G.C.B., O.M., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., aka “Bobs”.

Letter 51, GL to RHD, 19 April 1956


Letter 52, RHD to GL, Saturday 21 April 1956


I.121.1] petit maitre: fop.

I.121.19] Joyce Grenfell: (1910-1979): Actress.  See this website; her husband is Reggie Grenfell.

I.121.20] The Chalk Garden: 1955 play by Enid Bagnold.  See, for instance, this website.

I.121.34] Nought . . . shall endure but Mutability: Shelley indeed, from his poem “Mutability”.

Letter 53, RHD to GL, 29 April 1956


I.122.26] Baldwin: Published by Hart-Davis in 1952.

I.122.28] his masterpiece, Portrait of an Age: Published by the Oxford University Press in 1936.

Letter 54, GL to RHD, 2 May 1956


I.123.8] even in this wale, as Mrs. Gamp put it: Mrs. Gamp, a character in Dickens’s Martin Chuzzlewit, frequently uses the word “wale” (vale).

I.123.25] ‘Wonderful, Counsellor, Prince of Peace’: Isaiah 9:6.

I.123.30] Bloggs Baldwin: As noted, younger son of the Prime Minister.

I.124.22] Ll.G.: David Lloyd George, Prime Minister.

I.124.28] Bishop Creighton: Mandell Creighton (1843-1901), British churchman, Bishop of London.  Source of quotation unknown.

I.124.36] ‘treading the ling like a buck in spring’: From Kipling’s poem “The Ballad of East and West”.

With that he whistled his only son, that dropped from a mountain crest
He trod the ling like a buck in spring, and he looked like a lance in rest.

I.125.1] ‘There was hardness . . . and open sky!’: As noted, from Wordsworth’s “Peter Bell”.

I.125.14] Dorothy: Dorothy Wordsworth (1771-1855), younger sister of William Wordsworth.

I.125.8] Munnings: Sir Alfred Munnings (1878-1959), English artist, became famous for his paintings of horses.

I.125.9] Henson: Herbert Henson, Bishop of Durham, Dean of Durham.

I.125.10] Bp Welldon: James Welldon, Dean of Durham.

I.125.12] he ‘could neither speak . . . nor be silent with dignity’:

Letter 55, RHD to GL, 7 May 1956


I.127.1] dear Roger: Roger Fulford, editor and author; husband of Pamela Lyttelton’s sister Sibell.

I.127.31] S.N. Behrman: Samuel Nathaniel Behrman (1893-1973), author, playwright, screenwriter.

I.127.31] Duveen: Joseph Duveen (1869-1939), 1st Baron Duveen of Millbank, art dealer.

I.128.19] Benaud: Richard Benaud, cricketer.

Letter 56, GL to RHD, 9 May 1956


I.129.29] Alan Dent: (1905-?), dramatic critic.  See this website

I.130.1] Louis MacNeice: (1907-1963), poet.  See this short biography.

I.130.1] ‘Prayer Before Birth’: Poem by MacNeice, available here.

I.130.14] ‘Doest thou well to be angry?’: Jonah 4:9.

Letter 57, RHD to GL, 15 May 1956


I.132.14] Peter Davies: I can no find no record either of this author, or his books below.

I.132.14] Gibbon:

I.132.15] Charles I and Cromwell:

I.132.16] Daylight and Champaign:

I.132.32] Mona Wilson: English literary biographer; as noted, sister of Sir Arnold Wilson, MP, British historian.

I.133.32] John Mead Falkner: (1858-1932) “Polymath; . . . a Novelist, a Poet, an Academician, a collector of medieval manuscripts and a Businessman,” according to this website.

I.134.7] Geoffrey Madan: (1985-1947) English bibliophile; see this website.

I.134.7] he is not a polymath but a pantomath: That is, rather than being a “person of great or varied learning” (, he is a person who knows everything.

Letter 58, GL to RHD, 18 May 1956


I.134.28] the Cranworths: Apparently Bertram Francis Gurdon (1877-1964) and his wife.  Gurdon was the 2nd Baron Cranworth.

I.135.5] ‘My mind to me a Kingdom  is’: Although George seems to be attributing this to George Wither, it is actually the title of a poem by Sir Edward Dyer (1543-1607).

I.135.6] George Wither: (1588-1667) English poet.  See this page for some examples of his work.

I.135.16] Portrait of a Man with Red Hair: 1925 novel by Hugh Walpole.

I.135.26] John Fortescue: (1394-1476) English political scientist.  See the first entry.

I.135.27] Death of the Black Prince: Edward the Black Prince, eldest son of Edward III.

I.135.27] Masefield: John Masefield (1878-1967), English poet.  See the John Masefield Society website.

I.135.28] Dauber: 1912 poem by Masefield set on board ship.

I.135.29] Meg Merrilies: From Sir Walter Scott’s Guy Mannering:

‘Ride your ways,’ said the gipsy, ‘ride your ways, Laird of Ellangowan—ride your ways, Godfrey Bertram!—This day have ye quenched seven smoking hearths—see if the fire in your ain parlour burn the blither for that. Ye have riven the thack off seven cottar houses—look if your ain roof-tree stand the faster.—Ye may stable your shirks in the shealings at Derncleugh—see that the hare does not couch on the hearthstane at Ellangowan.—Ride your ways, Godfrey Bertram—what do ye glower after our folk for?

Letter 59, RHD to GL, 22 May 1956


I.136.20] Charles Whibley: (1859-1930) Author of A Book of Scoundrels, among other writings.

I.136.25] Lawyer’s Notebooks: A Lawyer’s Notebook (1932), More from a Lawyer’s Notebook (1933), and possibly The Lawyer’s Last Notebook.

I.136.28] Bunyan, about the trumpets . . . the other side: From The Pilgrim’s Progress (1684):

After this it was noised abroad that Mr. Valiant-for-truth was taken with a Summons by the same Post as the other, and had this for a Token that the Summons was true, That his pitcher was broken at the Fountain. When he understood it, he called for his Friends, and told them of it. Then said he, I am going to my Fathers, and tho' with great difficulty I am got hither, yet now I do not repent me of all the Trouble I have been at to arrive where I am. My Sword I give to him that shall succeed me in my Pilgrimage, and my Courage and my Skill to him that can get it. My Marks and Scars I carry with me, to be a witness for me that I have fought his Battles who now will be my Rewarder. When the day that he must go hence was come, many accompanied him to the River-side, into which as he went he said, Death, where is thy Sting? And as he went down deeper he said, Grave, where is thy Victory? So he passed over, and all the Trumpets sounded for him on the other side."

I.136.35] Avowals, Conversations in Ebury Street, Memoirs of My Dead Life and A Storyteller’s Holiday: Books by George Moore, published in 1919, 1924, 1921, 1918.

Letter 60, GL to RHD, 25 May 1956


I.137.13] ventre-à-terre:

I.137.14] King Tiglath-Pileser: King of Assyria, c. 774-727 BC.

I.138.4] message of Vanzetti’s: Bartolomeo Vanzetti (1888-1927), left-wing radical, convicted of murder amid great controversy, along with Nicola Sacco, and executed in 1927.

Letter 61, RHD to GL, 27 May 1956


I.138.12] The Essential Neville Cardus: Published by Jonathan Cape in 1949.

I.138.26] ‘I see them at their work, these sapient trouble-tombs’: Charles Lamb indeed, from “Detached Thoughts on Books and Reading.”, as noted in letter 69.

I.138.29] Calvin Hoffman: Author of The Man Who Murdered Shakespeare, American theatre critic.  See this page for more on Hoffman, Marlowe, and Shakespeare.

Letter 62, GL to RHD, 31 May 1956


I.139.2] laudatores temporis acti: Praisers of time past.

I.139.3] Quaife: William George Quaife (1872-1951), cricketer.

I.139.3] Albert Ward: (1865-1939), cricketer.  See this website.

I.139.5] ‘whose every limb . . . a disgrace’: Presumably the ‘wicked Lord’ Lyttelton, Thomas, second baron Lyttelton.

I.139.8] Irene Vanbrugh: (1872-1949) English actress; see this short biography.

I.139.9] The Truth about Blayds: 1922 play by A.A. Milne.

I.139.10] the Rutherfords: John Walter Rutherford and . . . ?

I.139.11] Philip Mead, Clem Hill, William Scotton:  Cricketers, see these pages: Mead, Hill, Scotton.

I.139.16] Quis rem decernet?:

I.139.19] Shrewsbury, Albert Trott, Stoddart, A.E. Relf: Suicidal cricketers; see ShrewsburyTrott, Stoddart, Relf.

I.140.4] Ronnie Knox: Catholic theologian and Bible translator.

I.140.5] In Memoriam:

I.140.8] my excellent son-in-law:

I.140.16] Crace: As noted, J.F. Crace, Eton master.

Letter 63, RHD to GL, 3 June 1956


I.141.4] two hundred letters from Max Beerbohm to Reggie Turner: Published by Hart-Davis in 1964.

Letter 64, GL to RHD, 6 June 1956


I.142.4] the late Duke of Devonshire: Edwin William Spencer Cavendish (1895-1950), 10th Duke of Devonshire.

I.142.16] When were you . . . halcyon-haunted:

I.142.21] Agamemnon: Play by Aeschyulus, 458 BC.

I.142.8] version of the Lord’s Prayer in officialese: Can be found in Brown’s book Say the Word.

Letter 65, RHD to GL, 10 June 1956


I.145.29] the Maritime Museum: See this website.

I.145.31] Van de Velde: Willem van de Velde , but the Elder (1611-1693), or the Younger (1633-1707)?

I.146.18] Liza: Maugham’s daughter was born in 1917.

I.146.18] John Hope:

Letter 66, GL to RHD, 13 June 1956


I.146.23] my ancestral home: Hagley Hall.

I.146.25] the Abbey School, Malvern: See this website.

I.147.2] my Uncle Bob: Robert Henry Lyttelton (1854-1939).

I.147.2] Mary Drew: unidentified.

I.147.12] Beatrice Webb: Originally Beatrice Potter (1858-1943), left-wing political activist, wife of Sidney Webb (I.108.15).

I.147.37] The Summing Up: Published by Heinemann in 1938.

I.148.7] Dr Rendall . . . Butley Priory:  Dr. Rendall was responsible for the restoration of Butley Priory, part of an Augustinian monastery founded in 1171.  See this website.

I.148.11] noughts and crosses: i.e. tic-tac-toe.

Letter 67, RHD to GL, 17 June 1956


I.148.14] Ruth McKenney: American author.  The novel Rupert discusses here is called Mirage and was published by Farrar Straus Cudahy, New York, in 1956.  I can find no indication that this book was ever published in England, or by Hart-Davis.

I.149.20] ‘long live the weeds and the wilderness yet’: From “Inversnaid” by Gerard Manley Hopkins.

I.149.32] Veronica Wedgwood: Cicely Veronica Wedgwood, British historian.

I.149.33] Rose Macaulay: British writer.  See this website.

I.149.33] Sir T. Kendrick: Sir Thomas Kendrick; as stated, director of the British Museum.

I.150.4] the Druce-Portland case: “Public interest centred for some years round the allegation that [William John Cavendish Bentinck-Scott, the 5th Duke of Portland] lived a double life and was identical with Mr T.C. Druce, an upholstere of Baker Street, London . . .”  Quoted from note 1 at the bottom of this page.

Letter 68, GL to RHD, Midsummer Day 1956


I.150.24] May . . . Cowdrey . . . Graveney: Cricketers.  See May, Cowdrey, Graveney.

I.150.32] ‘panem et circenses’: Bread and circuses.

I.150.33] Verb sap: Abbreviation of verbum sapienti sat est; a word is enough for the wise person.  See this definition.

Letter 69, RHD to GL, 24 June 1956


I.151.13] Trueman: Frederick Sewards Trueman (1931-), cricketer.

I.151.15] Elia: Pseudonym used by Charles Lamb.

I.151.17] De la Mare: Walter De la Mare (1873-1953), British novelist and poet.

Letter 70, GL to RHD, 27 June 1956


I.152.5] kilderkin: An old English liquid measure, equal to about 19-22 U.S. gallons.  See the aptly named

I.152.6] as Benjamin was to Joseph: Genesis 43:34 “And they took portions from him [Joseph] to themselves, but Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as the portions of the others.”

I.152.20] Statham: John Brian Statham (1930-), cricketer.

I.152.26] Evans: T.G. Evans, cricketer.

I.152.33] Gerald Kelly: Sir Gerald Kelly (1879-1972), British artist, portraitist.  At this evanescent link are two examples.

I.153.10] South Wind: by Norman Douglas (1868-1952), writer, pedophile, homosexual.

Letter 71, RHD to GL, 1 July 1956


I.153.26] Bailey: Trevor Bailey, cricketer.

I.154.20] B.J.W. Hill: Cricketer, author.

I.154.32] Michael Arlen: (1985-1956) English novelist.  See this short biography.

Letter 72, GL to RHD, 4 July 1956


I.155.15] Bird’s: A brand of custard mix.

I.155.24] Oppidan: A student of Eton College who is not a King’s scholar, and who boards in a private residence.

I.155.31] his diary and epistolary style: George appears to be reading John Evelyn Wrench’s Geoffrey Dawson and Our Times, published by Hutchinson & Co. in 1955.

I.156.14] M.D. Hill: As noted, Eton master.

I.156.18] The Green Hat: Arlen’s best-known novel.

I.156.19] Anthony Hope: (1863-1933), pseudonym of Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins; his best known work was The Prisoner of Zenda.

I.156.19] Seton Merriman: Pseudonym of Hugh Stowell Scott (1862-1903), British novelist.

I.156.21] Phroso: 1897 novel by Anthony Hope.

I.156.21] The Sowers: 1895 novel by Henry Seton Merriman.

I.156.25] Sayers: Dorothy L. Sayers (1893-1957), author of the Lord Peter Wimsey mysteries and other writings.  See this website.

I.156.29] P. Cheney: Peter Cheyney (1896-1951) British mystery writer.

I.157.1] Klopstock: Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (1724-1803), German poet.

I.157.1] Werner: Friedrich Ludwig Zacharias Werner (1768-1823), German poet.

Letter 73, RHD to GL, Sunday morning 8 July 1956


I.157.9: Isaiah Berlin: (1909-1997) English social historian, philosopher, essayist.  See this website.

I.157.10] Auberon Herbert: (1922-1974) English landed gentleman, political thinker.

I.157.13] Norah Fahie: (1911-1996) Linguist and administrator, as stated, Duff Cooper’s onetime secretary.  See this short biography.

I.157.13] my cousin Artemis: Artemis Cooper, World War II historian.

I.157.19] The Bride of Lammermoor: Novel by Sir Walter Scott, 1819.

I.157.20] Caleb Balderston: Actually Balderstone, a servant in The Bride of Lammermoor.

Letter 74, GL to RHD, 12 July 1956


I.158.30] G.C.E.: General Certificate of Education.

I.159.2] those pundits at St. John’s Wood: Probably a reference to the MCC.

I.159.9] Casamassima: Refers to The Princess Casamassima, a novel by Henry James.

I.159.18] L. Edel: Leon Edel (1907-1997), biographer of Henry James.

I.159.31] ‘stuffy little creatures, human beings’:

I.159.32] Romain Rolland: (1866-1944), French writer and pacifist.  See this biography.

I.159.35] fighting with beasts at Ephesus: 1 Corinthians 15:32 “If it was on purely human terms I fought with wild beasts at Ephesus, what good does that do me?”

Letter 75, RHD to GL, 15 July 1956


I.160.12] The Craft of Letters in England: Edited by John Lehmann, published by Cresset Press in 1956.

I.160.13] J.I.M. Stewart: As stated, Christ Church don who writes thrillers under the name of Michael Innes, such as the Appleby books.

I.161.15] D’Annunzio: Gabriele D’Annunzio (1863-1938), Italian poet, novelist, dramatist, military hero.

I.161.33] Vincent Cronin: Author, biographer of Napoleon.

I.161.33] R.S. Thomas: (1913-2000), Welsh poet.  See this short biography.

I.162.1] ‘A priest is a man . . . to call him Uncle’: Typically cited as “Italian proverb”; source unknown.

Letter 76, GL to RHD, 18 July 1956


I.162.6] old Ervine on Shaw: St. John Ervine’s Bernard Shaw: His Life, Work, and Friends was published by Constable in 1956.

I.163.7] ‘saeva indignatio’: a fierce sense of outrage.

I.163.16] Edward Grey: (1862-1933) Secretary of Foreign Affairs.  See this short biography.

I.163.19] Norman Angell: Ralph Norman Angell Lane (1872-1967) author, political thinker, Nobel laureate.

I.164.13] John Verney:

I.164.16] P.G.W.: P. G. Wodehouse.

I.164.22] Peter Quint: A character in James’s The Turn of the Screw.

Letter 77, RHD to GL, 22 July 1956


I.164.26] The Journeying Boy: 1949 novel by Innes.

I.165.11] Mrs. Fulford: Pamela Lyttelton's sister Sibell, wife of Roger.

Letter 78, GL to RHD, 26 July 1956


I.165.25] Lyrical Ballads: Wordsworth and Coleridge's 1798 collection. “The Idiot Boy” and “The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere” are contained therein.

I.165.27] Dr Arnold: Mr. Thomas Arnold, headmaster of Rugby school.

I.165.31] The Antiquary: A novel by Sir Walter Scott, published 1816. Scott described it as his ‘chief favourite among all his novels.’

I.166.2] Emma Hamilton: Wife of Sir William Hamilton; she and Nelson carried on a love affair while Nelson was stationed in Naples.

I.166.10] K. Tynan: Kenneth Tynan, dramatic critic, libertine.

Letter 79, RHD to GL, 26 July 1956


I.166.28] Richard Cobden-Sanderson: (1912-1964), publisher.

I.166.29] Ruth Pitter: (1897-1992), British poet. See this website.

I.167.4] the Hamish Hamiltons: Hamish and Yvonne Hamilton; Hamish (1900-1988), publisher.

I.167.5] Cecil Woodham-Smith: British historian.

I.167.6] Moira Shearer: Scottish ballerina, actress, famous for her role in the Michael Powell film The Red Shoes. See this short biography.

Letter 80, GL to RHD, 3 August 1956


I.167.27] the third verse of the Boating song:

Thanks to the bounteous sitter
Who sat not at all on his seat
Down with the beer that’s bitter
Up with the wine that’s sweet
And Oh that some generous “critter”
Would give us more ducks to eat!

Here is the whole song.

I.167.29] ‘Forty Years On’: The Harrow Song, by John Farmer (1836-1901).

I.168.1] Laker: J.C. Laker, cricketer, as noted.

I.168.18] ‘Cleopatra . . . tartra’: From the musical Salad Days; see I.57.15.

Letter 81, RHD to GL, 5 August 1956

  I.169.28] George Whalley: Professor of English at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario.

Letter 82, GL to RHD, 8 August 1956


I.170.2] fumum et opes, strepitumque: “the smoke, the show, the rattle”.

I.170.12] Silverman: Sydney Silverman (1895-1968), Labour MP, pacifist, opponent of capital punishment.

I.170.12] Ziliacus: Konni Ziliacus (1894-1967), Labour MP.

I.170.14] The Lanchester Tradition: A book by Godfrey F. Bradby (1863-1947), apparently published in 1929.

I.170.18] Lady Patricia Ramsay: Patricia Saxe-Coburg (1887-1974), princess, painter, granddaughter of Queen Victoria.

I.170.26] Sir Wyndham Deedes: In tribute to George's assessment, I can find only a smattering of information on this man. He was a Brigadier-General, at one time vice-chairman for the National Council of Social Service, founded the Anglo-Israel Association, and he “set up the Egyptian police force after the end of the War [WWI]”.

I.170.33] old Mike: R.A.H. Mitchell, Eton master, subject of a Vanity Fair cartoon by Spy, July 16, 1896.

I.170.35] Robert Byron: English writer, traveller. A review of one of his books can be found here.

I.170.35] Robeson: F.E. Robeson, Eton master.

I.171.2] Macnaghten: Hugh Macnaghten, Eton master and administrator, author of Fifty Years at Eton.

I.171.3] McNeile: A.M. McNeile.

I.171.6] Brian Howard: Obscure English writer; some commentary can be found here.

I.171.16] ‘Tintern Abbey’: Poem by Wordsworth.

I.171.16] ‘Resolution and Independence’: Poem by Wordsworth.

I.171.22] Background with Chorus: Memoir by Swinnerton, published by Hutchinson in 1956.

I.171.24] Walter Raleigh:

I.171.30] ‘Minds innocent and quiet take this for a Hermitage’: Quoted from the Richard Lovelace poem “To Althea from Prison, iv.”; Hermitage is also an appellation from the Rhone Valley of France.

I.172.15] ‘much it grieved . . . made of man’: From Wordsworth's poem “Written in Early Spring”.

I.172.23] Austin Dobson: Henry Austin Dobson (1840-1921), poet and critic.

I.172.25] The Earthly Paradise: Lengthy poem by William Morris (1834-1896); see this selection.

I.172.32] ‘that purged considerate mind of age’:

Letter 83, RHD to GL, 12 August 1956


Letter 84, GL to RHD, 18 August 1956


I.174.12] Beasley-Robinson: A.C. Beasley-Robinson; as noted, former Eton master.

I.174.23] Bishop King of Lincoln: Edward King (1829-1910), Bishop of Lincoln.

I.174.27] Harriette Wilson: (1786-1846) Famous courtesan; later mistress of the Duke of Wellington. When she published her memoirs, including details of her relationships with her lovers, and Wellington specifically, Wellington gave the famous reply “Publish, and be damned!” See this short biography.

I.175.6] Skittles: Catherine Skittles Walters (1839- c. 1900), Famous courtesan. See this short biography.

I.175.7] Sir C. Dilke: Sir Charles Dilke (1843-1911) British politician.

I.175.8] Virginia Cowles's book: Probably Edward VII and His Circle, published by Hamish Hamilton in 1956.

I.175.19] Empress Eugénie: Eugénia Maria de Montijo de Guzmán (1826-1920), Empress of France.

I.175.27] Liddell Hart: Basil Liddell Hart (1895-1970), military historian.

I.176.2] George Fletcher:

I.176.3] C.R.L.F.: C.R.L. Fletcher, English historian.

I.176.3] Shaw-Stewart: Patrick Shaw-Stewart (1888-1917).

I.176.4] Bear Warre: Edmond Warre; see I.38.36.

Letter 85, RHD to GL, 19 August 1956


I.177.2] My selection of Edmund Blunden's poems: Probably Poems of Many Years, published by Collins in 1957.

I.177.13] Arthur Crook: Editor of the Times Literary Supplement.

I.178.2] Cora, Lady Strafford: Rupert's source appear to be better than mine; I can find nothing on Cora.

Letter 86, RHD to GL, 26 August 1956


I.179.11] Lawrence: Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), “the most successful portrait painter of the Romantic age,” according to this article.

I.179.19] ipissima verba: exact quotes.

I.179.24] A. Bedser: Alec Bedser, cricketer.

I.179.25] Loader: Peter Loader, cricketer.

Letter 87, GL to RHD, 27 August 1956


I.181.2] Compton Mackenzie's Thin Ice: Published by Chatto and Windus in 1956.

I.181.4] Flawner Bannal . . . Fanny's First Play: Bannal is a character in Fanny's First Play, by George Bernard Shaw, 1911.

I.181.34] ‘The rain dripped ceaselessly . . . a scarecrow’:

Letter 88, RHD to GL, 10 September 1956

  I.183.3] ‘my fermenting and passionate youth’:

Letter 89, GL to RHD, 13 September 1956


I.183.21] so foul a summer . . . damaged a harvest:

I.183.28] A London Bookman: Published by Martin Secker in 1928.

I.183.29] John o'London's Weekly: British magazine.

I.184.1] Roughhead: William Roughhead, British writer on matters criminal.

I.184.8] Mary Stewart Cox:

Letter 90, RHD to GL, 23 September 1956


Letter 91, GL to RHD, 27 September 1956


I.185.4] Flecker: James Elroy Flecker (1884-1915), English poet.

I.185.22] Verrall: A.W. Verrall, Cambridge classicist.

I.186.2] Mr Cayenne: A character in Annals of the Parish, by John Galt (1779-1839), published in 1821.

Letter 92, RHD to GL, 29 September 1956


I.186.32] George Gordon of Magdalen:

I.187.4] Ringan Gilhaize or the Coventanters: A novel by John Galt, published in 1823.

I.187.20] St John Ervine: (1883-1971), playwright. See this short biography. It's not clear what exactly Rupert is reading.

I.188.10] B.J.: As noted, Basil Johnson, Eton music-master.

Letter 93, GL to RHD, 3 October 1956


I.189.3] Bevan: Aneurin Bevan (1897-1960), far-left Labour MP, Minister of Health at the time of the introduction of the National Health Service.

I.189.4] Cousins: Frank Cousins, trade union leader. See this book review.

I.189.18] William Palmer: Dr. William Palmer (1824-1856), executed for serial murders. His guilt is questioned at this website.

I.189.19] B. Darwin: Bernard Darwin (1876-1961), golf historian.

I.190.1] Lambart: J.H.L. Lambart, Eton classicist.

I.190.5] Bishop Tommy Strong:

Letter 94, RHD to GL, 6 October 1956


I.190.20] Mrs. Barbauld: Anna Laetitia Aikin Barbauld (1743-1825), writer and activist.

I.191.1] 'Elizabeth' (of the German Garden): Elizabeth von Arnim, pseudonym of Marie Annette Beauchamp, author of Elizabeth and her German Garden.

I.191.16] affairé:

I.191.32] The Iron King: As noted, novel by Maurice Druon, published by Hart-Davis in 1956. Seven books by Druon regarding the Valois Kings ultimately appeared under the series title Les Rois Maudits.

Letter 95, GL to RHD, 10-11 October 1956


I.192.11] ‘Life we've been long together’: From Barbauld's poem “Life”.

I.192.13] Chapman: As noted, R.W. Chapman (1881-1960), editor of Johnson and Jane Austen.

I.192.15] ‘Many the ways, the little home is one’: Another quote from Death's Jest Book; see this site.

I.192.16] ‘By the time . . . is a mere miracle’: From Stevenson's Virginibus Puerisque.

I.192.27] A.P.H.: A.P. Herbert, (1890-1971), English author and Member of Parliament.

I.192.28] Lynd: Robert Lynd (1879-1949), essayist.

I.192.28] Beverly N.: Beverly Nichols, English author.

I.193.14] Leonard Merrick: (1864-1939), author.

I.193.29] Nanga Parbat: The Siege of Nanga Parbat, 1856-1953, by Paul Bauer; published by Hart-Davis in 1956.

I.193.35] The Towers of Trebizond: By Rose Macaulay; published by Collins in 1956. (RHD mentions Macaulay apropos of George's difficulty with this book in the next letter).

I.194.14] Stanley Matthews: “England's Greatest Soccer Player,” according to this site.

I.194.20] ‘ringeth to evensong’: From Stephen Hawes's poem “An Epitaph”.

Letter 96, RHD to GL, 13 October 1956


I.195.1] Abode of Snow: As stated, by Kenneth Mason; published by Hart-Davis in 1955. Mason was a professor, a member of the Royal Geographic Society, and editor of the Himalayan Journal.

I.195.9] Mrs Henry Dudeney: Wife of Henry Dudeney, noted puzzle creator. See this page for examples.

I.195.17] Gerry Wellington:

I.195.23] Bob Brand:

I.195.27] Wheeler-Bennett: John Wheeler-Bennett (1902-1975), member of the British Foreign Office during World War II, and author of a famous wartime memo in which he claimed that Britain was better off for Hitler's not having been assassinated, since the resulting purges eliminated many German higher-ups who might have caused problems for Britain in the future.

I.195.27] Lockhart: Bruce Lockhart (1887-1970), head of the Political War Executive of the Foreign Office; Wheeler-Bennett's immediate superior.

I.195.28] Betjeman: John Betjeman (1906-1984), English author.

I.195.28] Casey: W.F. Casey, editor of The Times of London.

I.195.29] Leslie Hartley: Leslie Poles Hartley (1895-1972), English author.

Letter 97, GL to RHD, 18 October 1956


I.196.12] Philip Magnus: English author, biographer of Gladstone.

I.196.13] Iolo Williams: Poetry anthologist and writer.

I.196.14] old Powell: L.F. Powell, reviser of Boswell's Life of Johnson.

I.194.22] Mr Woodhouses: A diffident and dithering character from Jane Austen's Emma.

Letter 98, RHD to GL, 21 October 1956


I.197.23] Tom Driberg: (1905-1977), Labour Party MP. See this short biography.

I.197.24] Arthur Askey: (1900-1982), British entertainer. See this short biography.

I.197.24] Tommy Trinder: (1909-1989), British comedian and actor. See this site.

The Lyttelton
Hart-Davis Letters

Volume I
Volume II
Volume III
Volume IV
Volume V
Volume VI
Volume VII